Manuscripts Translated into English
Masoretic & Septuagint & Dead Sea Scrolls Old Testament
Codex Sinaiticus & Textus Receptus New Testament
The Old Testament
· The Masoretic text on this site is a copy of the JPS (Jewish Publication Society) Holy Scriptures translation to English in 1917.
The New Testament
The original manuscripts of the New Testament is estimated to have been written as early as 60 a.d. Scholars conjecture the first writing of the New Testament was the Gospel of Mark, written less than 30 years after Jesus death, burial and resurrection. There have been numerous fragments and incomplete copies of the earliest manuscripts gathered that date to the first century a.d.
The earliest complete manuscript we have to date is the Codex Sinaiticus that dates to around 325 a.d. The copy on this site has been translated to English by H.T. Anderson in 1861.
Utilizing numerous fragmented manuscripts and the most completed manuscripts discovered over the centuries, textual criticism was able to be performed to get as close to the original text as possible. This is the process of comparing multiple texts to get the phrasing and verbiage that agrees the most between the texts. It needs to be notated that all manuscripts and copies that have been collected over the years reveal evidence that Gods Word has been beautifully and miraculously preserved, as the texts all agree with each other to over 98% of the time. The differences found are simple spelling errors or grammar issues that differ between texts; no doctrine has ever been in question.
One of the earliest textually criticized works to have resulted from this methodology, was the Textus Receptus. The Textus Receptus on this site is the 1598 Beza edition (in Greek), with a corresponding 1769 KJV English translation next to it.
The Contents are as follows: