Genesis (DSS)

Dead Sea Scrolls - Genesis Scrolls

Table of Contents

Book of Genesis

Compiled Dead Sea Scrolls by Chapter


Chapter 1


Genesis 01.01 (4Q2 ) 1 In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. 

Genesis 01.02 (4Q2 ) 2 The earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep and God’s Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters.

Genesis 01.03 (4Q2 ) 3 God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. 

Genesis 01.04 (4Q2 ) 4 God saw the light, and saw that it was good. God divided the light from the darkness. 

Genesis 01.05 (4Q2 ) 5 God called the light “day”, and the darkness he called “night”. There was evening and there was morning, the first day.

Genesis 01.06 (4Q2 ) 6 God said, “Let there be an expanse in the middle of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.” 

Genesis 01.07 (4Q2 ) 7 God made the expanse, and divided the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so. 

Genesis 01.08 (4Q2 ) 8 God called the expanse “sky”. There was evening and there was morning, a second day.

Genesis 01.09 (4Q2 ) 9 God said, “Let the waters under the sky be gathered together to one place, and let the dry land appear”; and it was so. 

Genesis 01.10 (4Q2 ) 10 God called the dry land “earth”, and the gathering together of the waters he called “seas”. God saw that it was good. 

Genesis 01.11 (4Q2 ) 11 God said, “Let the earth yield grass, herbs yielding seeds, and fruit trees bearing fruit after their kind, with their seeds in it, on the earth”; and it was so. 

Genesis 01.12 (4Q2 ) 12 The earth yielded grass, herbs yielding seed after their kind, and trees bearing fruit, with their seeds in it, after their kind; and God saw that it was good. 

Genesis 01.13 (4Q2 ) 13 There was evening and there was morning, a third day.

Genesis 01.14 (4Q2 ) 14 God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs to mark seasons, days, and years; 

Genesis 01.15 (4Q2 ) 15 and let them be for lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth”; and it was so. 

Genesis 01.16 (4Q2 ) 16 God made the two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. He also made the stars. 

Genesis 01.17 (4Q2 ) 17 God set them in the expanse of the sky to give light to the earth, 

Genesis 01.18 (1Q1) 18 and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. God saw that it was good. 

Genesis 01.19 (1Q1) 19 There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.

Genesis 01.20 (1Q1) 20 God said, “Let the waters abound with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open expanse of the sky.” 

Genesis 01.21 (1Q1) 21 God created the large sea creatures and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed, after their kind, and every winged bird after its kind. God saw that it was good.

Genesis 01.22 (4Q2 ) 22 God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 

Genesis 01.23 (4Q2 ) 23 There was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.

Genesis 01.24 (4Q2 ) 24 God said, “Let the earth produce living creatures after their kind, livestock, creeping things, and animals of the earth after their kind”; and it was so. 

Genesis 01.25 (4Q2 ) 25 God made the animals of the earth after their kind, and the livestock after their kind, and everything that creeps on the ground after its kind. God saw that it was good.

Genesis 01.26 (4Q2 ) 26 God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the sky, and over the livestock, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” 

Genesis 01.27 (4Q2 ) 27 God created man in his own image. In God’s image he created him; male and female he created them. 

Genesis 01.28 (4Q2 ) 28 God blessed them. God said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth, and subdue it. Have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the sky, and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”



Chapter 2

Genesis 02.01 (4Q10) 1 The heavens, the earth, and all their vast array were finished.

Genesis 02.02 (4Q10) 2 On the seventh day God finished his work which he had done; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done.

Genesis 02.03 (4Q10) 3 God blessed the seventh day, and made it holy, because he rested in it from all his work of creation which he had done.

Genesis 02.06 (4Q7 ) 6 but a mist went up from the earth, and watered the whole surface of the ground. 7 Yahweh God formed man from the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.

Genesis 02.14 (4Q2 ) 14 The name of the third river is Hiddekel. This is the one which flows in front of Assyria. The fourth river is the Euphrates. 

Genesis 02.15 (4Q2 ) 15 Yahweh God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to cultivate and keep it. 

Genesis 02.16 (4Q2 ) 16 Yahweh God commanded the man, saying, “You may freely eat of every tree of the garden; 

Genesis 02.17 (4Q2 ) 17 but you shall not eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil; for in the day that you eat of it, you will surely die.”

Genesis 02.18 (4Q2 ) 18 Yahweh God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make him a helper comparable to him.” 

Genesis 02.19 (4Q2 ) 19 Out of the ground Yahweh God formed every animal of the field, and every bird of the sky, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them. Whatever the man called every living creature became its name.



Chapter 3

Genesis 03.01 (4Q10) 1 Now the serpent was more subtle than any animal of the field which Yahweh God had made. He said to the woman, “Has God really said, ‘You shall not eat of any tree of the garden?’”

Genesis 03.02 (4Q10) 2 The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat fruit from the trees of the garden,

Genesis 03.11 (1Q1) 11 God said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?”

Genesis 03.12 (1Q1) 12 The man said, “The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me fruit from the tree, and I ate it.”

Genesis 03.13 (1Q1) 13 Yahweh God said to the woman, “What have you done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”

Genesis 03.14 (1Q1) 14 Yahweh God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, you are cursed above all livestock, and above every animal of the field. You shall go on your belly and you shall eat dust all the days of your life.



Chapter 4

Genesis 04.02 (4Q2 ) 2 Again she gave birth, to Cain’s brother Abel. Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.

Genesis 04.03 (4Q2 ) 3 As time passed, Cain brought an offering to Yahweh from the fruit of the ground. 

Genesis 04.04 (4Q2 ) 4 Abel also brought some of the firstborn of his flock and of its fat. Yahweh respected Abel and his offering, 

Genesis 04.05 (4Q2 ) 5 but he didn’t respect Cain and his offering. Cain was very angry, and the expression on his face fell. 

Genesis 04.06 (4Q2 ) 6 Yahweh said to Cain, “Why are you angry? Why has the expression of your face fallen? 

Genesis 04.07 (4Q2 ) 7 If you do well, won’t it be lifted up? If you don’t do well, sin crouches at the door. Its desire is for you, but you are to rule over it.” 

Genesis 04.08 (4Q2 ) 8 Cain said to Abel, his brother,[1] and while they were in the field, Cain rose up against Abel, his brother, and killed him.

Genesis 04.09 (4Q2 ) 9 Yahweh said to Cain, “Where is Abel, your brother?” He said, “I don’t know. Am I my brother’s keeper?”

Genesis 04.10 (4Q2 ) 10 Yahweh said, “What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood cries to me from the ground. 

Genesis 04.11 (4Q2 ) 11 Now you are cursed because of the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand.



Chapter 5

Genesis 05.13 (4Q2 ) 13 Kenan lived after he became the father of Mahalalel eight hundred forty years, and became the father of other sons and daughters.



Chapter 6

Genesis 06.14 (6Q1 ) 14 Make a ship of gopher wood. You shall make rooms in the ship, and shall seal it inside and outside with pitch. 

Genesis 06.15 (6Q1 ) 15 This is how you shall make it. The length of the ship shall be three hundred cubits, its width fifty cubits, and its height thirty cubits. 

Genesis 06.16 (6Q1 ) 16 You shall make a roof in the ship, and you shall finish it to a cubit upward. You shall set the door of the ship in its side. You shall make it with lower, second, and third levels. 

Genesis 06.17 (6Q1 ) 17 I, even I, do bring the flood of waters on this earth, to destroy all flesh having the breath of life from under the sky. Everything that is in the earth will die. 

Genesis 06.18 (6Q1 ) 18 But I will establish my covenant with you. You shall come into the ship, you, your sons, your wife, and your sons’ wives with you. 

Genesis 06.19 (6Q1 ) 19 Of every living thing of all flesh, you shall bring two of every sort into the ship, to keep them alive with you. They shall be male and female. 

Genesis 06.20 (6Q1 ) 20 Of the birds after their kind, of the livestock after their kind, of every creeping thing of the ground after its kind, two of every sort will come to you, to keep them alive. 

Genesis 06.21 (6Q1 ) 21 Take with you some of all food that is eaten, and gather it to yourself; and it will be for food for you, and for them.”



Chapter 12

Genesis 12.04 (4Q8b) 4 So Abram went, as Yahweh had told him. Lot went with him. Abram Abraham was seventy-five years old when he departed from Haran. 

Genesis 12.05 (4Q8b) 5 Abram took Sarai his wife, Lot his brother’s son, all their possessions that they had gathered, and the people whom they had acquired in Haran[1], and they went to go into the land of Canaan. They entered into the land of Canaan.



Chapter 17

Genesis 17.12 (8Q1 ) 12 He who is eight days old will be circumcised among you, every male throughout your generations, he who is born in the house, or bought with money from any foreigner who is not of your offspring. 

Genesis 17.13 (8Q1 ) 13 He who is born in your house, and he who is bought with your money, must be circumcised. My covenant will be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.

Genesis 17.15 (8Q1 ) 15 God said to Abraham, “As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call her name Sarai, but her name will be Sarah. 

Genesis 17.16 (8Q1 ) 16 I will bless her, and moreover I will give you a son by her. Yes, I will bless her, and she will be a mother of nations. Kings of peoples will come from her.”

Genesis 17.18 (8Q1 ) 18 Abraham said to God, “Oh that Ishmael might live before you!”

Genesis 17.19 (8Q1 ) 19 God said, “No, but Sarah, your wife, will bear you a son. You shall call his name Isaac. I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant for his offspring after him.



Chapter 18

Genesis 18.20 (8Q1 ) 20 Yahweh said, “Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous, 

Genesis 18.21 (8Q1 ) 21 I will go down now, and see whether their deeds are as bad as the reports which have come to me. If not, I will know.”

Genesis 18.22 (8Q1 ) 22 The men turned from there, and went toward Sodom, but Abraham stood yet before Yahweh.

Genesis 18.24 (8Q1 ) 24 What if there are fifty righteous within the city? Will you consume and not spare the place for the fifty righteous who are in it? 

Genesis 18.25 (8Q1 ) 25 Be it far from you to do things like that, to kill the righteous with the wicked, so that the righteous should be like the wicked. May that be far from you. Shouldn’t the Judge of all the earth do right?”



Chapter 19

Genesis 19.27 (2Q1 ) 27 Abraham got up early in the morning to the place where he had stood before Yahweh. 

Genesis 19.28 (2Q1 ) 28 He looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and looked, and saw that the smoke of the land went up as the smoke of a furnace.



Chapter 22

Genesis 22.13 (1Q1) 13 Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and saw that behind him was a ram caught in the thicket by his horns. Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering instead of his son. 

Genesis 22.14 (1Q1) 14 Abraham called the name of that place Yahweh Will Provide. As it is said to this day, “On Yahweh’s mountain, it will be provided.”

Genesis 22.15 (1Q1) 15 Yahweh’s angel called to Abraham a second time out of the sky,



Chapter 23

Genesis 23.17 (1Q1) 17 So the field of Ephron, which was in Machpelah, which was before Mamre, the field, the cave which was in it, and all the trees that were in the field, that were in all of its borders, were deeded 

Genesis 23.18 (1Q1) 18 to Abraham for a possession in the presence of the children of Heth, before all who went in at the gate of his city. 

Genesis 23.19 (1Q1) 19 After this, Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of Machpelah before Mamre (that is, Hebron), in the land of Canaan.



Chapter 24

Genesis 24.22 (1Q1) 22 As the camels had done drinking, the man took a golden ring of half a shekel weight, and two bracelets for her hands of ten shekels weight of gold,

Genesis 24.24 (1Q1) 24 She said to him, “I am the daughter of Bethuel the son of Milcah, whom she bore to Nahor.”




Chapter 26

Genesis 26.21 (4Q12) 21 They dug another well, and they argued over that, also. He called its name Sitnah. 

Genesis 26.22 (4Q12) 22 He left that place, and dug another well. They didn’t argue over that one. He called it Rehoboth. He said, “For now Yahweh has made room for us, and we will be fruitful in the land.”

Genesis 26.23 (4Q12) 23 He went up from there to Beersheba. 

Genesis 26.24 (4Q12) 24 Yahweh appeared to him the same night, and said, “I am the God of Abraham your father. Don’t be afraid, for I am with you, and will bless you, and multiply your offspring for my servant Abraham’s sake.”

Genesis 26.25 (4Q12) 25 He built an altar there, and called on Yahweh’s name, and pitched his tent there. There Isaac’s servants dug a well.

Genesis 26.26 (4Q12) 26 Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar, and Ahuzzath his friend, and Phicol the captain of his army. 

Genesis 26.27 (4Q12) 27 Isaac said to them, “Why have you come to me, since you hate me, and have sent me away from you?”

Genesis 26.28 (4Q12) 28 They said, “We saw plainly that Yahweh was with you. We said, ‘Let there now be an oath between us, even between us and you, and let us make a covenant with you,



Chapter 27

Genesis 27.38 (4Q1 ) 38 Esau said to his father, “Do you have you just one blessing, my father? Bless me, even me also, my father.” Esau lifted up his voice, and wept.

Genesis 27.39 (4Q1 ) 39 Isaac his father answered him, “Behold, of the fatness of the earth will be your dwelling, and of the dew of the sky from above.

Genesis 27.42 (4Q1 ) 42 The words of Esau, her elder son, were told to Rebekah. She sent and called Jacob, her younger son, and said to him, “Behold, your brother Esau comforts himself about you by planning to kill you. 

Genesis 27.43 (4Q1 ) 43 Now therefore, my son, obey my voice. Arise, flee to Laban, my brother, in Haran.



Chapter 28

Genesis 28.28 (4Q483) 28 God blessed them. God said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth and subdue it. Have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the sky, and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”



Chapter 34

Genesis 34.07 (4Q576) 7 The sons of Jacob came in from the field when they heard it. The men were grieved, and they were very angry, because he had done folly in Israel in lying with Jacob’s daughter; a thing ought not to be done.

Genesis 34.09 (4Q576) 9 Make marriages with us. Give your daughters to us, and take our daughters for yourselves. 

Genesis 34.10 (4Q576) 10 You shall dwell with us, and the land will be before you. Live and trade in it, and get possessions in it.”

Genesis 34.17 (4Q1 ) 17 But if you will not listen to us and be circumcised, then we will take our sister, and we will be gone.”

Genesis 34.18 (4Q1 ) 18 Their words pleased Hamor and Shechem, Hamor’s son. 

Genesis 34.19 (4Q1 ) 19 The young man didn’t wait to do this thing, because he had delight in Jacob’s daughter, and he was honored above all the house of his father. 

Genesis 34.20 (4Q1 ) 20 Hamor and Shechem, his son, came to the gate of their city, and talked with the men of their city, saying, 

Genesis 34.21 (4Q1 ) 21 “These men are peaceful with us. Therefore let them live in the land and trade in it. For behold, the land is large enough for them. Let’s take their daughters to us for wives, and let’s give them our daughters.



Chapter 35

Genesis 35.06 (8Q1 ) 6 So Jacob came to Luz (that is, Bethel), which is in the land of Canaan, he and all the people who were with him. 

Genesis 35.07 (8Q1 ) 7 He built an altar there, and called the place El Beth El; because there God was revealed to him, when he fled from the face of his brother. 

Genesis 35.08 (8Q1 ) 8 Deborah, Rebekah’s nurse, died, and she was buried below Bethel under the oak; and its name was called Allon Bacuth.

Genesis 35.09 (8Q1 ) 9 God appeared to Jacob again, when he came from Paddan Aram, and blessed him. 

Genesis 35.10 (8Q1 ) 10 God said to him, “Your name is Jacob. Your name shall not be Jacob any more, but your name will be Israel.” He named him Israel.

Genesis 35.17 (4Q1 ) 17 When she was in hard labor, the midwife said to her, “Don’t be afraid, for now you will have another son.”

Genesis 35.18 (4Q1 ) 18 As her soul was departing (for she died), she named him Benoni, but his father named him Benjamin. 

Genesis 35.19 (4Q1 ) 19 Rachel died, and was buried on the way to Ephrath (also called Bethlehem). 

Genesis 35.20 (4Q1 ) 20 Jacob set up a pillar on her grave. The same is the Pillar of Rachel’s grave to this day. 

Genesis 35.21 (4Q1 ) 21 Israel traveled, and spread his tent beyond the tower of Eder. 

Genesis 35.22 (4Q1 ) 22 While Israel lived in that land, Reuben went and lay with Bilhah, his father’s concubine, and Israel heard of it. Now the sons of Jacob were twelve. 

Genesis 35.23 (4Q1 ) 23 The sons of Leah: Reuben (Jacob’s firstborn), and Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun. 

Genesis 35.24 (4Q1 ) 24 The sons of Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin. 

Genesis 35.25 (4Q1 ) 25 And the sons of Bilhah (Rachel’s servant): Dan and Naphtali. 

Genesis 35.26 (4Q1 ) 26 And the sons of Zilpah (Leah’s servant): Gad and Asher. These are the sons of Jacob, who were born she bore to him in Paddan Aram. 

Genesis 35.27 (4Q1 ) 27 Jacob came to Isaac his father, to Mamre, to Kiriath Arba (which is Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac lived as foreigners.

Genesis 35.28 (4Q1 ) 28 The days of Isaac were one hundred eighty years. 

Genesis 35.29 (4Q1 ) 29 Isaac gave up the spirit, and died, and was gathered to his people, old and full of days. Esau and Jacob, his sons, buried him.



Chapter 36

Genesis 36.01 (8Q1 ) 1 Now this is the history of the generations of Esau (that is, Edom). 2 Esau took his wives from the daughters of Canaan: Adah the daughter of Elon, the Hittite; and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon, the Hivite;

Genesis 36.02 (4Q1 ) 2 Esau took his wives from the daughters of Canaan: Adah the daughter of Elon, the Hittite; and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon, the Hivite; 

Genesis 36.03 (4Q1 ) 3 and Basemath, Ishmael’s daughter, sister of Nebaioth. 

Genesis 36.04 (4Q1 ) 4 Adah bore to Esau Eliphaz. Basemath bore Reuel. 

Genesis 36.05 (4Q1 ) 5 Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These are the sons of Esau, who were born to him in the land of Canaan. 

Genesis 36.06 (4Q1 ) 6 Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the members of his household, with his livestock, all his animals, and all his possessions, which he had gathered in the land of Canaan, and went into a land away from his brother Jacob. 

Genesis 36.07 (4Q1 ) 7 For their substance was too great for them to dwell together, and the land of their travels couldn’t bear them because of their livestock. 

Genesis 36.08 (4Q1 ) 8 Esau lived in the hill country of Seir. Esau is Edom.

Genesis 36.06 (2Q1 ) 6 Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the members of his household, with his livestock, all his animals, and all his possessions, which he had gathered in the land of Canaan, and went into a land away from his brother Jacob.

Genesis 36.09 (4Q1 ) 9 This is the history of the generations of Esau the father of the Edomites in the hill country of Seir: 

Genesis 36.10 (4Q1 ) 10 these are the names of Esau’s sons: Eliphaz, the son of Adah, the wife of Esau; and Reuel, the son of Basemath, the wife of Esau.

Genesis 36.11 (8Q1 ) 11 The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz. 

Genesis 36.12 (4Q1 ) 12 Timna was concubine to Eliphaz, Esau’s son; and she bore to Eliphaz Amalek. These are the descendants of Adah, Esau’s wife. 

Genesis 36.13 (4Q1 ) 13 These are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the descendants of Basemath, Esau’s wife.

Genesis 36.14 (8Q1 ) 14 These were the sons of Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon, Esau’s wife: she bore to Esau Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.

Genesis 36.15 (8Q1 ) 15 These are the chiefs of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz the firstborn of Esau: chief Teman, chief Omar, chief Zepho, chief Kenaz, 

Genesis 36.16 (8Q1 ) 16 chief Korah, chief Gatam, chief Amalek: these are the chiefs who came of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these are the sons of Adah. 

Genesis 36.17 (8Q1 ) 17 These are the sons of Reuel, Esau’s son: chief Nahath, chief Zerah, chief Shammah, chief Mizzah: these are the chiefs who came of Reuel in the land of Edom; these are the sons of Basemath, Esau’s wife.

Genesis 36.19 (4Q1 ) 19 These are the sons of Esau (that is, Edom), and these are their chiefs.

Genesis 36.21 (4Q1 ) 21 Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These are the chiefs who came of the Horites, the children of Seir in the land of Edom. 

Genesis 36.22 (4Q1 ) 22 The children of Lotan were Hori and Heman. Lotan’s sister was Timna.

Genesis 36.24 (4Q1 ) 24 These are the children of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah. This is Anah who found the hot springs in the wilderness, as he fed the donkeys of Zibeon his father. 

Genesis 36.25 (4Q1 ) 25 These are the children of Anah: Dishon and Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah. 

Genesis 36.26 (4Q1 ) 26 These are the children of Dishon: Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran. 

Genesis 36.27 (4Q1 ) 27 These are the children of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.

Genesis 36.36 (2Q1 ) 36 Hadad died, and Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his place. 

Genesis 36.37 (2Q1 ) 37 Samlah died, and Shaul of Rehoboth by the river, reigned in his place.

Genesis 36.43 (4Q5 ) 43 chief Magdiel, and chief Iram. These are the chiefs of Edom, according to their habitations in the land of their possession. This is Esau, the father of the Edomites.



Chapter 37

Genesis 37.01 (4Q5 ) 1 Jacob lived in the land of his father’s travels, in the land of Canaan. 

Genesis 37.02 (4Q5 ) 2 This is the history of the generations of Jacob. Joseph, being seventeen years old, was feeding the flock with his brothers. He was a boy with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father’s wives. Joseph brought an evil report of them to their father.

Genesis 37.05 (4Q1 ) 5 Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it to his brothers, and they hated him all the more. 6 He said to them, “Please hear this dream which I have dreamed:

Genesis 37.22 (4Q1 ) 22 Reuben said to them, “Shed no blood. Throw him into this pit that is in the wilderness, but lay no hand on him”—that he might deliver him out of their hand, to restore him to his father. 

Genesis 37.23 (4Q1 ) 23 When Joseph came to his brothers, they stripped Joseph of his tunic, the tunic of many colors that was on him; 

Genesis 37.24 (4Q1 ) 24 and they took him, and threw him into the pit. The pit was empty. There was no water in it.

Genesis 37.25 (4Q1 ) 25 They sat down to eat bread, and they lifted up their eyes and looked, and saw a caravan of Ishmaelites was coming from Gilead, with their camels bearing spices and balm and myrrh, going to carry it down to Egypt. 

Genesis 37.26 (4Q1 ) 26 Judah said to his brothers, “What profit is it if we kill our brother and conceal his blood? 

Genesis 37.27 (4Q1 ) 27 Come, and let’s sell him to the Ishmaelites, and not let our hand be on him; for he is our brother, our flesh.” His brothers listened to him.

Genesis 37.28 (4Q5 ) 28 Midianites who were merchants passed by, and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver. The merchants brought Joseph into Egypt.

Genesis 37.29 (4Q5 ) 29 Reuben returned to the pit, and saw that Joseph wasn’t in the pit; and he tore his clothes. 

Genesis 37.30 (4Q5 ) 30 He returned to his brothers, and said, “The child is no more; and I, where will I go?”



Chapter 39

Genesis 39.11 (4Q1 ) 11 About this time, he went into the house to do his work, and there were none of the men of the house inside. 

Genesis 39.12 (4Q1 ) 12 She caught him by his garment, saying, “Lie with me!”

Genesis 39.13 (4Q1 ) 13 When she saw that he had left his garment in her hand, and had run outside, 

Genesis 39.14 (4Q1 ) 14 she called to the men of her house, and spoke to them, saying, “Behold, he has brought a Hebrew in to us to mock us. He came in to me to lie with me, and I cried with a loud voice. 

Genesis 39.15 (4Q1 ) 15 When he heard that I lifted up my voice and cried, he left his garment by me, and ran outside.” 

Genesis 39.16 (4Q1 ) 16 She laid up his garment by her, until his master came home. 

Genesis 39.17 (4Q1 ) 17 She spoke to him according to these words, saying, “The Hebrew servant, whom you have brought to us, came in to me to mock me, 

Genesis 39.18 (4Q1 ) 18 and as I lifted up my voice and cried, he left his garment by me, and ran outside.”

Genesis 39.19 (4Q1 ) 19 When his master heard the words of his wife, which she spoke to him, saying, “This is what your servant did to me,” his wrath was kindled. 

Genesis 39.20 (4Q1 ) 20 Joseph’s master took him, and put him into the prison, the place where the king’s prisoners were bound, and he was there in custody. 

Genesis 39.21 (4Q1 ) 21 But Yahweh was with Joseph, and showed kindness to him, and gave him favor in the sight of the keeper of the prison. 

Genesis 39.22 (4Q1 ) 22 The keeper of the prison committed to Joseph’s hand all the prisoners who were in the prison. Whatever they did there, he was responsible for it. 

Genesis 39.23 (4Q1 ) 23 The keeper of the prison didn’t look after anything that was under his hand, because Yahweh was with him; and that which he did, Yahweh made it prosper.



Chapter 40

Genesis 40.01 (4Q1 ) 1 After these things, the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker offended their lord, the king of Egypt.

Genesis 40.12 (4Q3 ) 12 Joseph said to him, “This is its interpretation: the three branches are three days. 

Genesis 40.13 (4Q1 ) 13 There was no bread in all the land; for the famine was very severe, so that the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan fainted by reason of the famine. 

Genesis 40.14 (4Q1 ) 14 Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, for the grain which they bought: and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s house.

Genesis 40.18 (4Q3 ) 18 Joseph answered, “This is its interpretation. The three baskets are three days. 

Genesis 40.19 (4Q3 ) 19 Within three more days, Pharaoh will lift up your head from off you, and will hang you on a tree; and the birds will eat your flesh from off you.” 

Genesis 40.20 (4Q3 ) 20 On the third day, which was Pharaoh’s birthday, he made a feast for all his servants, and he lifted up the head of the chief cup bearer and the head of the chief baker among his servants.

Genesis 40.21 (4Q5 ) 21 He restored the chief cup bearer to his position again, and he gave the cup into Pharaoh’s hand; 

Genesis 40.22 (4Q5 ) 22 but he hanged the chief baker, as Joseph had interpreted to them. 

Genesis 40.23 (4Q1 ) 23 He sent the following to his father: ten donkeys loaded with the good things of Egypt, and ten female donkeys loaded with grain and bread and provision for his father by the way.



Chapter 41

Genesis 41.01 (4Q3 ) 1 At the end of two full years, Pharaoh dreamed: and behold, he stood by the river. 

Genesis 41.02 (4Q3 ) 2 Behold, there came up out of the river seven cattle, sleek and fat, and they fed in the marsh grass. 

Genesis 41.03 (4Q3 ) 3 Behold, seven other cattle came up after them out of the river, ugly and thin, and stood by the other cattle on the brink of the river. 

Genesis 41.04 (4Q3 ) 4 The ugly and thin cattle ate up the seven sleek and fat cattle. So Pharaoh awoke. 

Genesis 41.05 (4Q3 ) 5 He slept and dreamed a second time: and behold, seven heads of grain came up on one stalk, healthy and good.  them to Pharaoh.

Genesis 41.06 (4Q3 ) 6 Behold, seven heads of grain, thin and blasted with the east wind, sprung up after them. 

Genesis 41.07 (4Q3 ) 7 The thin and blasted heads of grain swallowed up the seven healthy and full ears. Pharaoh awoke, and behold, it was a dream. 

Genesis 41.08 (4Q3 ) 8 In the morning, his spirit was troubled, and he sent and called for all of Egypt’s magicians and wise men. Pharaoh told them his dreams, but there was no one who could interpret

Genesis 41.09 (4Q3 ) 9 Then the chief cup bearer spoke to Pharaoh, saying, “I remember my faults today. 

Genesis 41.10 (4Q3 ) 10 Pharaoh was angry with his servants, and put me in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, with the chief baker. 

Genesis 41.11 (4Q3 ) 11 We dreamed a dream in one night, he and I. We dreamed each man according to the interpretation of his dream.

Genesis 41.15 (4Q9 ) 15 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I have dreamed a dream, and there is no one who can interpret it. I have heard it said of you, that when you hear a dream you can interpret it.”

Genesis 41.16 (4Q9 ) 16 Joseph answered Pharaoh, saying, “It isn’t in me. Without me[1], God will not give Pharaoh an answer of peace.”

Genesis 41.17 (4Q9 ) 17 Pharaoh spoke to Joseph, “In my dream, behold, I stood on the brink of the river; 

Genesis 41.18 (4Q9 ) 18 and behold, there came up out of the river seven cattle, fat and sleek. They fed in the marsh grass;

Genesis 41.23 (4Q9 ) 23 and behold, seven heads of grain, withered, thin, and blasted with the east wind, sprung up after them. 

Genesis 41.24 (4Q9 ) 24 The seven thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven good heads of grain. I told it to the magicians, but there was no one who could explain it to me.”

Genesis 41.25 (4Q9 ) 25 Joseph said to Pharaoh, “The dream of Pharaoh is one. What God is about to do he has declared to Pharaoh. 

Genesis 41.26 (4Q9 ) 26 The seven good cattle are seven years; and the seven good heads of grain are seven years. The dream is one. 

Genesis 41.27 (4Q9 ) 27 The seven thin and ugly cattle that came up after them are seven years, and also the seven empty heads of grain blasted with the east wind; they will be seven years of famine.

Genesis 41.29 (4Q9 ) 29 Behold, seven years of great plenty throughout all the land of Egypt are coming. 

Genesis 41.30 (4Q9 ) 30 Seven years of famine will arise after them, and all the plenty will be forgotten in the land of Egypt. The famine will consume the land, 

Genesis 41.31 (4Q9 ) 31 and the plenty will not be known in the land by reason of that famine which follows; for it will be very grievous. 

Genesis 41.32 (4Q9 ) 32 The dream was doubled to Pharaoh, because the thing is established by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass.

Genesis 41.33 (4Q9 ) 33 “Now therefore let Pharaoh look for a discreet and wise man, and set him over the land of Egypt. 

Genesis 41.34 (4Q9 ) 34 Let Pharaoh do this, and let him appoint overseers over the land, and take up the fifth part of the land of Egypt’s produce in the seven plenteous years. 

Genesis 41.35 (4Q5 ) 35 Let them gather all the food of these good years that come, and store grain under the hand of Pharaoh for food in the cities, and let them keep it. 

Genesis 41.36 (4Q5 ) 36 The food will be to supply the land against the seven years of famine, which will be in the land of Egypt; so that the land will not perish through the famine.”

Genesis 41.37 (4Q5 ) 37 The thing was good in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of all his servants. 

Genesis 41.38 (4Q5 ) 38 Pharaoh said to his servants, “Can we find such a one as this, a man in whom is the Spirit of God?” 

Genesis 41.39 (4Q5 ) 39 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Because God has shown you all of this, there is no one so discreet and wise as you. 

Genesis 41.40 (4Q5 ) 40 You shall be over my house, and according to your word will all my people be ruled. Only in the throne I will be greater than you.” 

Genesis 41.41 (4Q5 ) 41 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Behold, I have set you over all the land of Egypt.” 

Genesis 41.42 (4Q5 ) 42 Pharaoh took off his signet ring from his hand, and put it on Joseph’s hand, and arrayed him in robes of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck. 

Genesis 41.43 (4Q5 ) 43 He made him ride in the second chariot which he had. They cried before him, “Bow the knee!” He set him over all the land of Egypt. 

Genesis 41.44 (4Q5 ) 44 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, and without you shall no man lift up his hand or his foot in all the land of Egypt.”



Chapter 42

Genesis 42.15 (4Q9 ) 15 By this you shall be tested. By the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go out from here, unless your youngest brother comes here. 

Genesis 42.16 (4Q9 ) 16 Send one of you, and let him get your brother, and you shall be bound, that your words may be tested, whether there is truth in you, or else by the life of Pharaoh surely you are spies.” 

Genesis 42.17 (4Q5 ) 17 He put them all together into custody for three days.

Genesis 42.18 (4Q5 ) 18 Joseph said to them the third day, “Do this, and live, for I fear God. 

Genesis 42.19 (4Q5 ) 19 If you are honest men, then let one of your brothers be bound in your prison; but you go, carry grain for the famine of your houses.

Genesis 42.20 (4Q9 ) 20 Bring your youngest brother to me; so will your words be verified, and you won’t die.” They did so. 

Genesis 42.21 (4Q9 ) 21 They said to one another, “We are certainly guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the distress of his soul, when he begged us, and we wouldn’t listen. Therefore this distress has come upon us.” 

Genesis 42.22 (4Q9 ) 22 Reuben answered[2] them, saying, “Didn’t I tell you, saying, ‘Don’t sin against the child,’ and you wouldn’t listen? Therefore also, behold, his blood is required.”

Genesis 42.38 (4Q9 ) 38 He said, “My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he only is left. If harm happens to him along the way in which you go, then you will bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to Sheol.”



Chapter 43

Genesis 43.01 (4Q9 ) 1 The famine was severe in the land. 2 When they had eaten up the grain which they had brought out of Egypt, their father said to them, “Go again, buy us a little more food.”

Genesis 43.05 (4Q9 ) 5 but if you don’t send him, we won’t go down, for the man said to us, ‘You shall not see my face, unless your brother is with you.’ ”

Genesis 43.06 (4Q9 ) 6 Israel said, “Why did you treat me so badly, telling the man that you had another brother?”

Genesis 43.07 (4Q9 ) 7 They said, “The man asked directly concerning ourselves, and concerning our relatives, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Have you another brother?’ We just answered his questions. Is there any way we could know that he would say, ‘Bring your brother down?’ ”

Genesis 43.08 (4Q5 ) 8 Judah said to Israel, his father, “Send the boy with me, and we’ll get up and go, so that we may live, and not die, both we, and you, and also our little ones.

Genesis 43.09 (4Q5 ) 9 I’ll be collateral for him, and from my hand will you require him. If I don’t bring him to you, and set him before you, then let me bear the blame forever; 

Genesis 43.10 (4Q5 ) 10 for if we hadn’t delayed, surely we would have returned a second time by now.”

Genesis 43.11 (4Q5 ) 11 Their father, Israel, said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: Take from the choice fruits of the land in your bags, and carry down a present for the man, a little balm, a little honey, spices and myrrh, nuts, and almonds; 

Genesis 43.12 (4Q5 ) 12 and take double money in your hand, and take back the money that was returned in the mouth of your sacks. Perhaps it was an oversight. 

Genesis 43.13 (4Q5 ) 13 Take your brother also, get up, and return to the man. 

Genesis 43.14 (4Q5 ) 14 May God Almighty give you mercy before the man, that he may release to you your other brother and Benjamin. If I am bereaved of my children, I am bereaved.”



Chapter 45

Genesis 45.15 (4Q9 ) 15 He kissed all his brothers, and wept on them. After that his brothers talked with him.

Genesis 45.16 (4Q9 ) 16 The report of it was heard in Pharaoh’s house, saying, “Joseph’s brothers have come.” It pleased Pharaoh well, and his servants. 

Genesis 45.17 (4Q9 ) 17 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Tell your brothers, ‘Do this: Load your animals, and go, travel to the land of Canaan. 

Genesis 45.18 (4Q9 ) 18 Take your father and your households, and come to me, and I will give you the good of the land of Egypt, and you will eat the fat of the land.’ 

Genesis 45.19 (4Q9 ) 19 Now you are commanded to do this: Take wagons out of the land of Egypt for your little ones, and for your wives, and bring your father, and come. 

Genesis 45.20 (4Q9 ) 20 Also, don’t concern yourselves about your belongings, for the good of all the land of Egypt is yours.”

Genesis 45.21 (4Q9 ) 21 The sons of Israel did so. Joseph gave them wagons, according to the commandment of Pharaoh, and gave them provision for the way. 

Genesis 45.22 (4Q9 ) 22 He gave each one of them changes of clothing, but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and five changes of clothing.

Genesis 45.26 (4Q9 ) 26 They told him, saying, “Joseph is still alive, and he is ruler over all the land of Egypt.” His heart fainted, for he didn’t believe them. 

Genesis 45.27 (4Q9 ) 27 They told him all the words of Joseph, which he had said to them. When he saw the wagons which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of Jacob, their father, revived. 

Genesis 45.28 (4Q9 ) 28 Israel said, “It is enough. Joseph my son is still alive. I will go and see him before I die.”



Chapter 46

Genesis 46.07 (8Q1 ) 7 his sons, and his sons’ sons with him, his daughters, and his sons’ daughters, and he brought all his offspring with him into Egypt.

Genesis 46.08 (8Q1 ) 8 These are the names of the children of Israel, who came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons: Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn. 9 The sons of Reuben: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi. 

Genesis 46.10 (8Q1 ) 10 The sons of Simeon: Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanite woman. 

Genesis 46.11 (8Q1 ) 11 The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.



Chapter 48

Genesis 48.01 (4Q6 ) 1 After these things, someone said to Joseph, “Behold, your father is sick.” He took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim. 

Genesis 48.02 (4Q6 ) 2 Someone told Jacob, and said, “Behold, your son Joseph comes to you,” and Israel strengthened himself, and sat on the bed. 

Genesis 48.03 (4Q6 ) 3 Jacob said to Joseph, “God Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and blessed me, 

Genesis 48.04 (4Q6 ) 4 and said to me, ‘Behold, I will make you fruitful, and multiply you, and I will make of you a company of peoples, and will give this land to your offspring after you for an everlasting possession.’ 

Genesis 48.05 (4Q6 ) 5 Now your two sons, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you into Egypt, are mine; Ephraim and Manasseh, even as Reuben and Simeon, will be mine. 

Genesis 48.06 (4Q6 ) 6 Your issue, whom you become the father of after them, will be yours. They will be called after the name of their brothers in their inheritance. 

Genesis 48.07 (4Q6 ) 7 As for me, when I came from Paddan, Rachel died by me in the land of Canaan on the way, when there was still some distance to come to Ephrath, and I buried her there on the way to Ephrath (also called Bethlehem).”

Genesis 48.02 (4Q1 ) 2 Someone told Jacob, and said, “Behold, your son Joseph comes to you,” and Israel strengthened himself, and sat on the bed.

Genesis 48.04 (4Q1 ) 4 and said to me, ‘Behold, I will make you fruitful, and multiply you, and I will make of you a company of peoples, and will give this land to your offspring after you for an everlasting possession.’

Genesis 48.08 (4Q6 ) 8 Israel saw Joseph’s sons, and said, “Who are these?”

Genesis 48.09 (4Q6 ) 9 Joseph said to his father, “They are my sons, whom God has given me here.” He said, “Please bring them to me, and I will bless them.” 

Genesis 48.10 (4Q6 ) 10 Now the eyes of Israel were dim for age, so that he couldn’t see. He brought them near to him; and he kissed them, and embraced them and kissed them. 

Genesis 48.11 (4Q6 ) 11 Israel said to Joseph, “I didn’t think I would see your face, and behold, God has let me see your offspring also.”

Genesis 48.15 (4Q1 ) 15 He blessed Joseph, and said, “The God before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked, the God who has fed me all my life long to this day,

Genesis 48.16 (4Q1 ) 16 the angel who has redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads, and let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac. Let them grow into a multitude upon the earth.”

Genesis 48.17 (4Q1 ) 17 When Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand on the head of Ephraim, it displeased him. He held up his father’s hand, to remove it from Ephraim’s head to Manasseh’s head. 

Genesis 48.18 (4Q1 ) 18 Joseph said to his father, “Not so, my father, for this is the firstborn. Put your right hand on his head.”

Genesis 48.19 (4Q1 ) 19 His father refused, and said, “I know, my son, I know. He also will become a people, and he also will be great. However, his younger brother will be greater than he, and his offspring will become a multitude of nations.” 

Genesis 48.20 (4Q1 ) 20 He blessed them that day, saying, “Israel will bless in you, saying, ‘God make you as Ephraim and as Manasseh’ ” He set Ephraim before Manasseh. 

Genesis 48.21 (4Q1 ) 21 Israel said to Joseph, “Behold, I am dying, but God will be with you, and bring you again to the land of your fathers. 

Genesis 48.22 (4Q1 ) 22 Moreover I have given to you one portion above your brothers, which I took out of the hand of the Amorite with my sword and with my bow.”



Chapter 49

Genesis 49.01 (4Q1 ) 1 Jacob called to his sons, and said: “Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which will happen to you in the days to come.

Genesis 49.02 (4Q1 ) 2 Assemble yourselves, and hear, you sons of Jacob. Listen to Israel, your father.

Genesis 49.03 (4Q1 ) 3 “Reuben, you are my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength; excelling in dignity, and excelling in power.

Genesis 49.04 (4Q1 ) 4 Boiling over like water, you shall not excel; because you went up to your father’s bed, then defiled it. He went up to my couch.

Genesis 49.06 (4Q1 ) 6 My soul, don’t come into their council. My glory, don’t be united to their assembly; for in their anger they killed men. In their self-will they hamstrung cattle.

Genesis 49.07 (4Q5 ) 7 Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel. I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.

Genesis 49.08 (4Q5 ) 8 “Judah, your brothers will praise you. Your hand will be on the neck of your enemies. Your father’s sons will bow down before you.



Chapter 50

Genesis 50.03 (4Q576) 3 Forty days were fulfilled for him, for that is how many the days it takes to embalm. The Egyptians wept for him for seventy days.

Genesis 50.26 (4Q11) 26 So Joseph died, being one hundred ten years old, and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.



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Genesis Dead Sea Scrolls - Divided by Scroll Number

1Q1 Genesis

Contents: Genesis 1:18-21, 3:11-14, 22:13-15, 23:17-19, 24:22,24


Language: Hebrew


Date: 30 B.C. - 68 A.D.


Location: Qumran Cave 1



 


Genesis Chapter 1


Genesis 1. 18 (1Q1) and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. God saw that it was good. 19 There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.


Genesis 1. 20 (1Q1) God said, “Let the waters abound with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open expanse of the sky.” 21 God created the large sea creatures and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed, after their kind, and every winged bird after its kind. God saw that it was good.


[..]


Genesis Chapter 3


Genesis 3. 11 (1Q1) God said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?”


Genesis 3. 12 (1Q1) The man said, “The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me fruit from the tree, and I ate it.”


Genesis 3. 13 (1Q1) Yahweh God said to the woman, “What have you done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”


Genesis 3. 14 (1Q1) Yahweh God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, you are cursed above all livestock, and above every animal of the field. You shall go on your belly and you shall eat dust all the days of your life.


[..]


Genesis Chapter 22


Genesis 22. 13 (1Q1) Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and saw that behind him was a ram caught in the thicket by his horns. Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering instead of his son. 14 Abraham called the name of that place Yahweh Will Provide. As it is said to this day, “On Yahweh’s mountain, it will be provided.”


Genesis 22. 15 (1Q1) Yahweh’s angel called to Abraham a second time out of the sky,


[..]


Genesis Chapter 23


Genesis 23. 17 (1Q1) So the field of Ephron, which was in Machpelah, which was before Mamre, the field, the cave which was in it, and all the trees that were in the field, that were in all of its borders, were deeded 18 to Abraham for a possession in the presence of the children of Heth, before all who went in at the gate of his city. 19 After this, Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of Machpelah before Mamre (that is, Hebron), in the land of Canaan.


[..]


Genesis 24


22 As the camels had done drinking, the man took a golden ring of half a shekel weight, and two bracelets for her hands of ten shekels weight of gold,


[..]


24 She said to him, “I am the daughter of Bethuel the son of Milcah, whom she bore to Nahor.”



2Q1 Genesis

Contents: Genesis 19:27-28, 36:6, 36:36-37



Language: Hebrew


Date: 30 B.C. – 68 A.D.


Location: Qumran Cave 2



 


Genesis 19


27 Abraham got up early in the morning to the place where he had stood before Yahweh. 28 He looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and looked, and saw that the smoke of the land went up as the smoke of a furnace.


[..]


Genesis 36


6 Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the members of his household, with his livestock, all his animals, and all his possessions, which he had gathered in the land of Canaan, and went into a land away from his brother Jacob.


[..]


36 Hadad died, and Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his place. 37 Samlah died, and Shaul of Rehoboth by the river, reigned in his place.



4Q1 Genesis-Exodus

Contents: Genesis 22:14; 27:38-39, 42-43; 34:17-21; 35:17-29; 36:2-10, 12-13, 19, 21-22, 24-27; 37:5-6, 22-27; 39:11-23; 40:1; 45:23; 47:13-14; 48:2-4, 15-22; 49:1-4, 6; Exodus 1:3, 5-17, 22; 2:1-5; 3:8-16, 18-21; 4:4-9, 26-31; 5:1, 3-17; 6:4-21, 25; 7:5-13, 15-20; 8:20-22; 9:8


Language: Hebrew


Date:  125-100 B.C.


Location: Qumran Cave 4



 


Genesis 22


14 Abraham called the name of that place “Yahweh God Will Provide”. As it is said to this day, “On Yahweh’s mountain, it will be provided.”


[..]


Genesis 27


38 Esau said to his father, “Do you have you just one blessing, my father? Bless me, even me also, my father.” Esau lifted up his voice, and wept.


39 Isaac his father answered him,


“Behold, of the fatness of the earth will be your dwelling,


and of the dew of the sky from above.


[..]


42 The words of Esau, her elder son, were told to Rebekah. She sent and called Jacob, her younger son, and said to him, “Behold, your brother Esau comforts himself about you by planning to kill you. 43 Now therefore, my son, obey my voice. Arise, flee to Laban, my brother, in Haran.


[..]


Genesis 34


17 But if you will not listen to us and be circumcised, then we will take our sister, and we will be gone.”


18 Their words pleased Hamor and Shechem, Hamor’s son. 19 The young man didn’t wait to do this thing, because he had delight in Jacob’s daughter, and he was honored above all the house of his father. 20 Hamor and Shechem, his son, came to the gate of their city, and talked with the men of their city, saying, 21 “These men are peaceful with us. Therefore let them live in the land and trade in it. For behold, the land is large enough for them. Let’s take their daughters to us for wives, and let’s give them our daughters.


[..]


Genesis 35


17 When she was in hard labor, the midwife said to her, “Don’t be afraid, for now you will have another son.”


18 As her soul was departing (for she died), she named him Benoni, but his father named him Benjamin. 19 Rachel died, and was buried on the way to Ephrath (also called Bethlehem). 20 Jacob set up a pillar on her grave. The same is the Pillar of Rachel’s grave to this day. 21 Israel traveled, and spread his tent beyond the tower of Eder. 22 While Israel lived in that land, Reuben went and lay with Bilhah, his father’s concubine, and Israel heard of it.


Now the sons of Jacob were twelve. 23 The sons of Leah: Reuben (Jacob’s firstborn), and Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun. 24 The sons of Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin. 25 And the sons of Bilhah (Rachel’s servant): Dan and Naphtali. 26 And the sons of Zilpah (Leah’s servant): Gad and Asher. These are the sons of Jacob, who were born she bore to him in Paddan Aram. 27 Jacob came to Isaac his father, to Mamre, to Kiriath Arba (which is Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac lived as foreigners.


28 The days of Isaac were one hundred eighty years. 29 Isaac gave up the spirit, and died, and was gathered to his people, old and full of days. Esau and Jacob, his sons, buried him.


 


Genesis 36


2 Esau took his wives from the daughters of Canaan: Adah the daughter of Elon, the Hittite; and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon, the Hivite; 3 and Basemath, Ishmael’s daughter, sister of Nebaioth. 4 Adah bore to Esau Eliphaz. Basemath bore Reuel. 5 Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These are the sons of Esau, who were born to him in the land of Canaan. 6 Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the members of his household, with his livestock, all his animals, and all his possessions, which he had gathered in the land of Canaan, and went into a land away from his brother Jacob. 7 For their substance was too great for them to dwell together, and the land of their travels couldn’t bear them because of their livestock. 8 Esau lived in the hill country of Seir. Esau is Edom.


9 This is the history of the generations of Esau the father of the Edomites in the hill country of Seir: 10 these are the names of Esau’s sons: Eliphaz, the son of Adah, the wife of Esau; and Reuel, the son of Basemath, the wife of Esau.


[..]


12 Timna was concubine to Eliphaz, Esau’s son; and she bore to Eliphaz Amalek. These are the descendants of Adah, Esau’s wife. 13 These are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the descendants of Basemath, Esau’s wife.


[..]


19 These are the sons of Esau (that is, Edom), and these are their chiefs.


[..]


21 Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These are the chiefs who came of the Horites, the children of Seir in the land of Edom. 22 The children of Lotan were Hori and Heman. Lotan’s sister was Timna.


[..]


24 These are the children of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah. This is Anah who found the hot springs in the wilderness, as he fed the donkeys of Zibeon his father. 25 These are the children of Anah: Dishon and Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah. 26 These are the children of Dishon: Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran. 27 These are the children of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.


[..]


Genesis 37


5 Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it to his brothers, and they hated him all the more. 6 He said to them, “Please hear this dream which I have dreamed:


[..]


22 Reuben said to them, “Shed no blood. Throw him into this pit that is in the wilderness, but lay no hand on him”—that he might deliver him out of their hand, to restore him to his father. 23 When Joseph came to his brothers, they stripped Joseph of his tunic, the tunic of many colors that was on him; 24 and they took him, and threw him into the pit. The pit was empty. There was no water in it.


25 They sat down to eat bread, and they lifted up their eyes and looked, and saw a caravan of Ishmaelites was coming from Gilead, with their camels bearing spices and balm and myrrh, going to carry it down to Egypt. 26 Judah said to his brothers, “What profit is it if we kill our brother and conceal his blood? 27 Come, and let’s sell him to the Ishmaelites, and not let our hand be on him; for he is our brother, our flesh.” His brothers listened to him.


[..]


Genesis 39


11 About this time, he went into the house to do his work, and there were none of the men of the house inside. 12 She caught him by his garment, saying, “Lie with me!”


He left his garment in her hand, and ran outside. 13 When she saw that he had left his garment in her hand, and had run outside, 14 she called to the men of her house, and spoke to them, saying, “Behold, he has brought a Hebrew in to us to mock us. He came in to me to lie with me, and I cried with a loud voice. 15 When he heard that I lifted up my voice and cried, he left his garment by me, and ran outside.” 16 She laid up his garment by her, until his master came home. 17 She spoke to him according to these words, saying, “The Hebrew servant, whom you have brought to us, came in to me to mock me, 18 and as I lifted up my voice and cried, he left his garment by me, and ran outside.”


19 When his master heard the words of his wife, which she spoke to him, saying, “This is what your servant did to me,” his wrath was kindled. 20 Joseph’s master took him, and put him into the prison, the place where the king’s prisoners were bound, and he was there in custody. 21 But Yahweh was with Joseph, and showed kindness to him, and gave him favor in the sight of the keeper of the prison. 22 The keeper of the prison committed to Joseph’s hand all the prisoners who were in the prison. Whatever they did there, he was responsible for it. 23 The keeper of the prison didn’t look after anything that was under his hand, because Yahweh was with him; and that which he did, Yahweh made it prosper.


 


Genesis 40


1 After these things, the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker offended their lord, the king of Egypt.


[..]


Genesis 45


23 He sent the following to his father: ten donkeys loaded with the good things of Egypt, and ten female donkeys loaded with grain and bread and provision for his father by the way.


[..]


Genesis 47


13 There was no bread in all the land; for the famine was very severe, so that the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan fainted by reason of the famine. 14 Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, for the grain which they bought: and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s house.


[..]


Genesis 48


2 Someone told Jacob, and said, “Behold, your son Joseph comes to you,” and Israel strengthened himself, and sat on the bed. 3 Jacob said to Joseph, “God Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and blessed me, 4 and said to me, ‘Behold, I will make you fruitful, and multiply you, and I will make of you a company of peoples, and will give this land to your offspring after you for an everlasting possession.’


[..]


15 He blessed Joseph, and said,


“The God before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked,


the God who has fed me all my life long to this day,


16 the angel who has redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads,


and let my name be named on them,


and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac.


Let them grow into a multitude upon the earth.”


17 When Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand on the head of Ephraim, it displeased him. He held up his father’s hand, to remove it from Ephraim’s head to Manasseh’s head. 18 Joseph said to his father, “Not so, my father, for this is the firstborn. Put your right hand on his head.”


19 His father refused, and said, “I know, my son, I know. He also will become a people, and he also will be great. However, his younger brother will be greater than he, and his offspring will become a multitude of nations.” 20 He blessed them that day, saying, “Israel will bless in you, saying, ‘God make you as Ephraim and as Manasseh’ ” He set Ephraim before Manasseh. 21 Israel said to Joseph, “Behold, I am dying, but God will be with you, and bring you again to the land of your fathers. 22 Moreover I have given to you one portion above your brothers, which I took out of the hand of the Amorite with my sword and with my bow.”


 


Genesis 49


1 Jacob called to his sons, and said: “Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which will happen to you in the days to come.


2 Assemble yourselves, and hear, you sons of Jacob.


Listen to Israel, your father.


 


3 “Reuben, you are my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength;


excelling in dignity, and excelling in power.


4 Boiling over like water, you shall not excel;


because you went up to your father’s bed,


then defiled it. He went up to my couch.


[..]


6 My soul, don’t come into their council.


My glory, don’t be united to their assembly;


for in their anger they killed men.


In their self-will they hamstrung cattle.


[..]


Exodus 1


3 And Issachar, and Zebulun, and Benjamin,


[..]


 5 All the souls who came out of Jacob’s body were seventy five[1] souls, and Joseph was in Egypt already. 6 Joseph died, as did all his brothers, and all that generation. 7 The children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and grew exceedingly mighty; and the land was filled with them.


8 Now there arose a new king over Egypt, who didn’t know Joseph. 9 He said to his people, “Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we. 10 Come, let’s deal wisely with them, lest they multiply, and it happen that when any war breaks out, they also join themselves to our enemies, and fight against us, and escape out of the land.” 11 Therefore they set taskmasters over them to afflict them with their burdens. They built storage cities for Pharaoh: Pithom and Raamses. 12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and the more they spread out. They started to dread the children of Israel. 13 The Egyptians ruthlessly made the children of Israel serve, 14 and they made their lives bitter with hard service, in mortar and in brick, and in all kinds of service in the field, all their service, in which they ruthlessly made them serve.


15 The king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, of whom the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah, 16 and he said, “When you perform the duty of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them on the birth stool; if it is a son, then you shall kill him; but if it is a daughter, then she shall live.” 17 But the midwives feared God, and didn’t do what the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the baby boys alive.


[..]


2 Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, “You shall cast every son who is born into the river, and every daughter you shall save alive.”


 


Exodus 2


1 A man of the house of Levi went and took a daughter of Levi as his wife. 2 The woman conceived, and bore a son. When she saw that he was a fine child, she hid him three months. 3 When she could no longer hide him, she took a papyrus basket for him, and coated it with tar and with pitch. She put the child in it, and laid it in the reeds by the river’s bank. 4 His sister stood far off, to see what would be done to him. 5 Pharaoh’s daughter came down to bathe at the river. Her maidens walked along by the riverside. She saw the basket among the reeds, and sent her servant to get it.


[..]


Exodus 3


8 I have come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land to a good and large land, to a land flowing with milk and honey; to the place of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Perizzite, the Amorite, and the Hivite, the Gergashite[2], and the Jebusite. 9 Now, behold, the cry of the children of Israel has come to me. Moreover I have seen the oppression with which the Egyptians oppress them. 10 Come now therefore, and I will send you to Pharaoh, that you may bring my people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt.”


11 Moses said to God, “Who am I, that I should go to Pharaoh, and that I should bring the children of Israel out of Egypt?”


12 He said, “Certainly I will be with you. This will be the token to you, that I have sent you: when you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God on this mountain.”


13 Moses said to God, “Behold, when I come to the children of Israel, and tell them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you;’ and they ask me, ‘What is his name?’ what should I tell them?”


14 God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM,” and he said, “You shall tell the children of Israel this: ‘I AM has sent me to you.’ ” 15 God said moreover to Moses, “You shall tell the children of Israel this, ‘Yahweh, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you.’ This is my name forever, and this is my memorial to all generations. 16 Go and gather the elders of Israel together, and tell them, ‘Yahweh, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, has appeared to me, saying, “I have surely visited you, and seen that which is done to you in Egypt;


[..]


18 They will listen to your voice, and you shall come, you and the elders of Israel, to the king of Egypt, and you shall tell him, ‘Yahweh, the God of the Hebrews, has met with us. Now please let us go three days’ journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to Yahweh, our God.’ 19 I know that the king of Egypt won’t give you permission to go, no, not by a mighty hand. 20 I will reach out my hand and strike Egypt with all my wonders which I will do among them, and after that he will let you go. 21 I will give this people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, and it will happen that when you go, you shall not go empty-handed.


[..]


Exodus 4


4 Yahweh said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand, and take it by the tail.”


He stretched out his hand, and took hold of it, and it became a rod in his hand.


5 “This is so that they may believe that Yahweh, the God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has appeared to you.” 6 Yahweh said furthermore to him, “Now put your hand inside your cloak.”


He put his hand inside his cloak, and when he took it out from his cloak, behold, his hand was leprous, as white as snow.


7 He said, “Put your hand inside your his cloak again.”


He put his hand inside his cloak again, and when he took it out of his cloak, behold, it had turned again as his other flesh.


8 “It will happen, if they will not believe you or listen to the voice of the first sign, that they will believe the voice of the latter sign. 9 It will happen, if they will not believe even these two signs or listen to your voice, that you shall take of the water of the river, and pour it on the dry land. The water which you take out of the river will become blood on the dry land.”


[..]


26 So he let him alone. Then she said, “You are a bridegroom of blood,” because of the circumcision.


27 Yahweh said to Aaron, “Go into the wilderness to meet Moses.”


He went, and met him on God’s mountain, and kissed him. 28 Moses told Aaron all Yahweh’s words with which he had sent him, and all the signs with which he had instructed him. 29 Moses and Aaron went and gathered together all the elders of the children of Israel. 30 Aaron spoke all the words which Yahweh had spoken to Moses, and did the signs in the sight of the people. 31 The people believed, and when they heard that Yahweh had visited the children of Israel, and that he had seen their affliction, then they bowed their heads and worshiped.


 


Exodus 5


1 Afterward Moses and Aaron came, and said to Pharaoh, “This is what Yahweh, the God of Israel, says, ‘Let my people go, that they may hold a feast to me in the wilderness.’ ”


[..]


3 They said, “The God of the Hebrews has met with us. Please let us go three days’ journey into the wilderness, and sacrifice to Yahweh, our God, lest he fall on us with pestilence, or with the sword.”


4 The king of Egypt said to them, “Why do you, Moses and Aaron, take the people from their work? Get back to your burdens!” 5 Pharaoh said, “Behold, the people of the land are now many, and you make them rest from their burdens.” 6 The same day Pharaoh commanded the taskmasters of the people, and their officers, saying, 7 “You shall no longer give the people straw to make brick, as before. Let them go and gather straw for themselves. 8 The number of the bricks, which they made before, you require from them. You shall not diminish anything of it, for they are idle; therefore they cry, saying, ‘Let’s go and sacrifice to our God.’ 9 Let heavier work be laid on the men, that they may labor in it; and don’t let them pay any attention to lying words.”


10 The taskmasters of the people went out, and their officers, and they spoke to the people, saying, “This is what Pharaoh says: ‘I will not give you straw. 11 Go yourselves, get straw where you can find it, for nothing of your work shall be diminished.’ ” 12 So the people were scattered abroad throughout all the land of Egypt to gather stubble for straw. 13 The taskmasters were urgent saying, “Fulfill your work quota daily, as when there was straw given to you!” 14 The officers of the children of Israel, whom Pharaoh’s taskmasters had set over them, were beaten, and were asked, “Why haven’t you fulfilled your quota both yesterday and today, in making brick as before?”


15 Then the officers of the children of Israel came and cried to Pharaoh, saying, “Why do you deal this way with your servants? 16 No straw is given to your servants, and they tell us, ‘Make brick!’ and behold, your servants are beaten; but the fault is in your own people.”


17 But Pharaoh said, “You are idle! You are idle! Therefore you say, ‘Let’s go and sacrifice to Yahweh.’


[..]


Exodus 6


4 I have also established my covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their travels, in which they lived as aliens. 5 Moreover I have heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage, and I have remembered my covenant. 6 Therefore tell the children of Israel, ‘I am Yahweh, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm, and with great judgments. 7 I will take you to myself for a people. I will be your God; and you shall know that I am Yahweh your God, who brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians. 8 I will bring you into the land which I swore to give to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; and I will give it to you for a heritage: I am Yahweh.’ ”


9 Moses spoke so to the children of Israel, but they didn’t listen to Moses for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage.


10 Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 11 “Go in, speak to Pharaoh king of Egypt, that he let the children of Israel go out of his land.”


12 Moses spoke before Yahweh, saying, “Behold, the children of Israel haven’t listened to me. How then shall Pharaoh listen to me, who am of uncircumcised lips?” 13 Yahweh spoke to Moses and to Aaron, and gave them a command to the children of Israel, and to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt.


14 These are the heads of their fathers’ houses. The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel: Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi; these are the families of Reuben. 15 The sons of Simeon: Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanite woman; these are the families of Simeon. 16 These are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations: Gershon, and Kohath, and Merari; and the years of the life of Levi were one hundred thirty-seven years. 17 The sons of Gershon: Libni and Shimei, according to their families. 18 The sons of Kohath: Amram, and Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel; and the years of the life of Kohath were one hundred thirty-three years. 19 The sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi. These are the families of the Levites according to their generations. 20 Amram took Jochebed his father’s sister to himself as wife; and she bore him Aaron and Moses. The years of the life of Amram were one hundred thirty-seven years. 21 The sons of Izhar: Korah, and Nepheg, and Zichri.


[..]


25 Eleazar Aaron’s son took one of the daughters of Putiel as his wife; and she bore him Phinehas. These are the heads of the fathers’ houses of the Levites according to their families.


[..]


Exodus 7


5 The Egyptians shall know that I am Yahweh, when I stretch out my hand on Egypt, and bring out the children of Israel from among them.”


6 Moses and Aaron did so. As Yahweh commanded them, so they did. 7 Moses was eighty years old, and Aaron eighty-three years old, when they spoke to Pharaoh.


8 Yahweh spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying, 9 “When Pharaoh speaks to you, saying, ‘Perform a miracle!’ then you shall tell Aaron, ‘Take your rod, and cast it down before Pharaoh, that it become a serpent.’ ”


10 Moses and Aaron went in to Pharaoh, and they did so, as Yahweh had commanded: and Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh and before his servants, and it became a serpent. 11 Then Pharaoh also called for the wise men and the sorcerers. They also, the magicians of Egypt, did the same thing with their enchantments. 12 For they each cast down their rods, and they became serpents; but Aaron’s rod swallowed up their rods. 13 Pharaoh’s heart was hardened, and he didn’t listen to them, as Yahweh had spoken.


[..]


15 Go to Pharaoh in the morning. Behold, he goes out to the water; and you shall stand by the river’s bank to meet him; and the rod which was turned to a serpent you shall take in your hand. 16 You shall tell him, ‘Yahweh, the God of the Hebrews, has sent me to you, saying, “Let my people go, that they may serve me in the wilderness;” and behold, until now you haven’t listened. 17 Yahweh says, “In this you shall know that I am Yahweh. Behold: I will strike with the rod that is in my hand on the waters which are in the river, and they shall be turned to blood. 18 The fish that are in the river shall die, and the river shall become foul; and the Egyptians shall loathe to drink water from the river.” ’ ” 19 Yahweh said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Take your rod, and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt, over their rivers, over their streams, and over their pools, and over all their ponds of water, that they may become blood; and there shall be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood and in vessels of stone.’ ”


20 Moses and Aaron did so, as Yahweh commanded; and he lifted up the rod, and struck the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh, and in the sight of his servants; and all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood.


[..]


Exodus 8


24 Yahweh did so; and there came grievous swarms of flies into the house of Pharaoh, and into his servants’ houses. In all the land of Egypt the land was corrupted by reason of the swarms of flies.


25 Pharaoh called for Moses and for Aaron, and said, “Go, sacrifice to your God in the land!”


26 Moses said, “It isn’t appropriate to do so; for we shall sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians to Yahweh our God. Behold, if we sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes, won’t they stone us?


 [..]


Exodus 9


8 Yahweh said to Moses and to Aaron, “Take to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the sky in the sight of Pharaoh.


 


4Q2 Genesis

Contents: Genesis 1:1-28; 2:14-19; 4:2-11; 5:13


Language: Hebrew


Date: 30 - 68 A.D.


Location: Qumran Cave 4



 


Genesis 1


1 In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. 2 The earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep and God’s Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters.


3 God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. 4 God saw the light, and saw that it was good. God divided the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light “day”, and the darkness he called “night”. There was evening and there was morning, the first day.


6 God said, “Let there be an expanse in the middle of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.” 7 God made the expanse, and divided the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so. 8 God called the expanse “sky”. There was evening and there was morning, a second day.


9 God said, “Let the waters under the sky be gathered together to one place, and let the dry land appear”; and it was so. 10 God called the dry land “earth”, and the gathering together of the waters he called “seas”. God saw that it was good. 11 God said, “Let the earth yield grass, herbs yielding seeds, and fruit trees bearing fruit after their kind, with their seeds in it, on the earth”; and it was so. 12 The earth yielded grass, herbs yielding seed after their kind, and trees bearing fruit, with their seeds in it, after their kind; and God saw that it was good. 13 There was evening and there was morning, a third day.


14 God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs to mark seasons, days, and years; 15 and let them be for lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth”; and it was so. 16 God made the two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. He also made the stars. 17 God set them in the expanse of the sky to give light to the earth, 18 and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. God saw that it was good. 19 There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.


20 God said, “Let the waters abound with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open expanse of the sky.” 21 God created the large sea creatures and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed, after their kind, and every winged bird after its kind. God saw that it was good. 22 God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23 There was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.


24 God said, “Let the earth produce living creatures after their kind, livestock, creeping things, and animals of the earth after their kind”; and it was so. 25 God made the animals of the earth after their kind, and the livestock after their kind, and everything that creeps on the ground after its kind. God saw that it was good.


26 God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the sky, and over the livestock, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” 27 God created man in his own image. In God’s image he created him; male and female he created them. 28 God blessed them. God said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth, and subdue it. Have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the sky, and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”


[..]


 


Genesis 2


14 The name of the third river is Hiddekel. This is the one which flows in front of Assyria. The fourth river is the Euphrates. 15 Yahweh God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to cultivate and keep it. 16 Yahweh God commanded the man, saying, “You may freely eat of every tree of the garden; 17 but you shall not eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil; for in the day that you eat of it, you will surely die.”


18 Yahweh God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make him a helper comparable to him.” 19 Out of the ground Yahweh God formed every animal of the field, and every bird of the sky, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them. Whatever the man called every living creature became its name.


[..]


 


Genesis 4


2 Again she gave birth, to Cain’s brother Abel. Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. 3 As time passed, Cain brought an offering to Yahweh from the fruit of the ground. 4 Abel also brought some of the firstborn of his flock and of its fat. Yahweh respected Abel and his offering, 5 but he didn’t respect Cain and his offering. Cain was very angry, and the expression on his face fell. 6 Yahweh said to Cain, “Why are you angry? Why has the expression of your face fallen? 7 If you do well, won’t it be lifted up? If you don’t do well, sin crouches at the door. Its desire is for you, but you are to rule over it.” 8 Cain said to Abel, his brother,[1] and while they were in the field, Cain rose up against Abel, his brother, and killed him.


9 Yahweh said to Cain, “Where is Abel, your brother?”


He said, “I don’t know. Am I my brother’s keeper?”


10 Yahweh said, “What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood cries to me from the ground. 11 Now you are cursed because of the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand.


[..]


 


Genesis 5


13 Kenan lived after he became the father of Mahalalel eight hundred forty years, and became the father of other sons and daughters.


[..]



4Q3 Genesis

Contents: Genesis 40:12-13, 18-20, 23; 41:1-11



Language: Hebrew


Date: 30 B.C. - 68 A.D.


Location: Qumran Cave 4



 


Genesis 40


12 Joseph said to him, “This is its interpretation: the three branches are three days. 13 Within three more days, Pharaoh will lift up your head, and restore you to your office. You will give Pharaoh’s cup into his hand, the way you did when you were his cup bearer.


[..]


18 Joseph answered, “This is its interpretation. The three baskets are three days. 19 Within three more days, Pharaoh will lift up your head from off you, and will hang you on a tree; and the birds will eat your flesh from off you.” 20 On the third day, which was Pharaoh’s birthday, he made a feast for all his servants, and he lifted up the head of the chief cup bearer and the head of the chief baker among his servants.


[..]


23 Yet the chief cup bearer didn’t remember Joseph, but forgot him.


 


Genesis 41


1 At the end of two full years, Pharaoh dreamed: and behold, he stood by the river. 2 Behold, there came up out of the river seven cattle, sleek and fat, and they fed in the marsh grass. 3 Behold, seven other cattle came up after them out of the river, ugly and thin, and stood by the other cattle on the brink of the river. 4 The ugly and thin cattle ate up the seven sleek and fat cattle. So Pharaoh awoke. 5 He slept and dreamed a second time: and behold, seven heads of grain came up on one stalk, healthy and good. 6 Behold, seven heads of grain, thin and blasted with the east wind, sprung up after them. 7 The thin and blasted heads of grain swallowed up the seven healthy and full ears. Pharaoh awoke, and behold, it was a dream. 8 In the morning, his spirit was troubled, and he sent and called for all of Egypt’s magicians and wise men. Pharaoh told them his dreams, but there was no one who could interpret them to Pharaoh.


9 Then the chief cup bearer spoke to Pharaoh, saying, “I remember my faults today. 10 Pharaoh was angry with his servants, and put me in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, with the chief baker. 11 We dreamed a dream in one night, he and I. We dreamed each man according to the interpretation of his dream.



4Q4 Genesis

Contents: Genesis 1:18-27


Language: Hebrew


Date: About 50 B.C.


Location: Qumran Cave 4



 


Genesis 1


18 and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. God saw that it was good. 19 There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.


20 God said, “Let the waters abound with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open expanse of the sky.” 21 God created the large sea creatures and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed, after their kind, and every winged bird after its kind. God saw that it was good. 22 God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23 There was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.


24 God said, “Let the earth produce living creatures after their kind, livestock, creeping things, and animals of the earth after their kind”; and it was so. 25 God made the animals of the earth after their kind, and the livestock after their kind, and everything that creeps on the ground after its kind. God saw that it was good.


26 God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the sky, and over the livestock, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” 27 God created man in his own image. In God’s image he created him; male and female he created them.



4Q5 Genesis

Contents: Genesis 36:43; 37:1-2, 27-30; 40:18-23; 41:1-8, 35-44; 42:17-19; 43:8-14; 49:6-8


Language: Hebrew


Date: 50-25 B.C.


Location: Qumran Cave 4



 


Genesis 36


43 chief Magdiel, and chief Iram. These are the chiefs of Edom, according to their habitations in the land of their possession. This is Esau, the father of the Edomites.


 


Genesis 37


1 Jacob lived in the land of his father’s travels, in the land of Canaan. 2 This is the history of the generations of Jacob. Joseph, being seventeen years old, was feeding the flock with his brothers. He was a boy with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father’s wives. Joseph brought an evil report of them to their father.


[..]


27 Come, and let’s sell him to the Ishmaelites, and not let our hand be on him; for he is our brother, our flesh.” His brothers listened to him. 28 Midianites who were merchants passed by, and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver. The merchants brought Joseph into Egypt.


29 Reuben returned to the pit, and saw that Joseph wasn’t in the pit; and he tore his clothes. 30 He returned to his brothers, and said, “The child is no more; and I, where will I go?”


[..]


Genesis 40


18 Joseph answered, “This is its interpretation. The three baskets are three days. 19 Within three more days, Pharaoh will lift up your head from off you, and will hang you on a tree; and the birds will eat your flesh from off you.” 20 On the third day, which was Pharaoh’s birthday, he made a feast for all his servants, and he lifted up the head of the chief cup bearer and the head of the chief baker among his servants. 21 He restored the chief cup bearer to his position again, and he gave the cup into Pharaoh’s hand; 22 but he hanged the chief baker, as Joseph had interpreted to them. 23 Yet the chief cup bearer didn’t remember Joseph, but forgot him.


 


Genesis 41


1 At the end of two full years, Pharaoh dreamed: and behold, he stood by the river. 2 Behold, there came up out of the river seven cattle, sleek and fat, and they fed in the marsh grass. 3 Behold, seven other cattle came up after them out of the river, ugly and thin, and stood by the other cattle on the brink of the river. 4 The ugly and thin cattle ate up the seven sleek and fat cattle. So Pharaoh awoke. 5 He slept and dreamed a second time; and behold, seven heads of grain came up on one stalk, healthy and good. 6 Behold, seven heads of grain, thin and blasted with the east wind, sprung up after them. 7 The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven healthy and full ears. Pharaoh awoke, and behold, it was a dream. 8 In the morning, his spirit was troubled, and he sent and called for all of Egypt’s magicians and wise men. Pharaoh told them his dreams, but there was no one who could interpret them to Pharaoh.


[..]


35 Let them gather all the food of these good years that come, and store grain under the hand of Pharaoh for food in the cities, and let them keep it. 36 The food will be to supply the land against the seven years of famine, which will be in the land of Egypt; so that the land will not perish through the famine.”


37 The thing was good in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of all his servants. 38 Pharaoh said to his servants, “Can we find such a one as this, a man in whom is the Spirit of God?” 39 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Because God has shown you all of this, there is no one so discreet and wise as you. 40 You shall be over my house, and according to your word will all my people be ruled. Only in the throne I will be greater than you.” 41 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Behold, I have set you over all the land of Egypt.” 42 Pharaoh took off his signet ring from his hand, and put it on Joseph’s hand, and arrayed him in robes of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck. 43 He made him ride in the second chariot which he had. They cried before him, “Bow the knee!” He set him over all the land of Egypt. 44 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, and without you shall no man lift up his hand or his foot in all the land of Egypt.”


[..]


Genesis 42


17 He put them all together into custody for three days.


18 Joseph said to them the third day, “Do this, and live, for I fear God. 19 If you are honest men, then let one of your brothers be bound in your prison; but you go, carry grain for the famine of your houses.


[..]


Genesis 43


8 Judah said to Israel, his father, “Send the boy with me, and we’ll get up and go, so that we may live, and not die, both we, and you, and also our little ones. 9 I’ll be collateral for him, and from my hand will you require him. If I don’t bring him to you, and set him before you, then let me bear the blame forever; 10 for if we hadn’t delayed, surely we would have returned a second time by now.”


11 Their father, Israel, said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: Take from the choice fruits of the land in your bags, and carry down a present for the man, a little balm, a little honey, spices and myrrh, nuts, and almonds; 12 and take double money in your hand, and take back the money that was returned in the mouth of your sacks. Perhaps it was an oversight. 13 Take your brother also, get up, and return to the man. 14 May God Almighty give you mercy before the man, that he may release to you your other brother and Benjamin. If I am bereaved of my children, I am bereaved.”


 


Genesis 49


6 My soul, don’t come into their council.


My glory, don’t be united to their assembly;


for in their anger they killed men.


In their self-will they hamstrung cattle.


7 Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce;


and their wrath, for it was cruel.


I will divide them in Jacob,


and scatter them in Israel.


 


8 “Judah, your brothers will praise you.


Your hand will be on the neck of your enemies.


Your father’s sons will bow down before you.



4Q6 Genesis

Contents: Genesis 48:1-10


Language: Hebrew


Date: About 50 B.C.


Location: Qumran Cave 4



 


Genesis 48


1 After these things, someone said to Joseph, “Behold, your father is sick.” He took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim. 2 Someone told Jacob, and said, “Behold, your son Joseph comes to you,” and Israel strengthened himself, and sat on the bed. 3 Jacob said to Joseph, “God Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and blessed me, 4 and said to me, ‘Behold, I will make you fruitful, and multiply you, and I will make of you a company of peoples, and will give this land to your offspring after you for an everlasting possession.’ 5 Now your two sons, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you into Egypt, are mine; Ephraim and Manasseh, even as Reuben and Simeon, will be mine. 6 Your issue, whom you become the father of after them, will be yours. They will be called after the name of their brothers in their inheritance. 7 As for me, when I came from Paddan, Rachel died by me in the land of Canaan on the way, when there was still some distance to come to Ephrath, and I buried her there on the way to Ephrath (also called Bethlehem).”


8 Israel saw Joseph’s sons, and said, “Who are these?”


9 Joseph said to his father, “They are my sons, whom God has given me here.”


He said, “Please bring them to me, and I will bless them.” 10 Now the eyes of Israel were dim for age, so that he couldn’t see. He brought them near to him; and he kissed them, and embraced them and kissed them. 11 Israel said to Joseph, “I didn’t think I would see your face, and behold, God has let me see your offspring also.”


 


How to read these pages:



•      The translation to the left is based on the World English Bible. Words in regular black font are words in the scrolls matching the traditional text for that passage.



•      Words in italics cannot be seen in the scroll, since the scroll is fragmentary. These words are supplied for readability by the World English Bible translation.



•      Words present in the scroll but with some letters unreadable or missing are in blue like this: blue. One Hebrew word often is translated into multiple English words, and when this occurs, all the English words are in blue.



•      Words present in the scroll but with spelling differences that do not affect the meaning are in green like this: green. This is common in Hebrew.



•      If the scroll is different from the traditional text, words in the traditional text that are missing from the text of the scroll are marked through in red like this: strike-through.



•      If the scroll is different from the traditional text, words in the scroll that are not in the traditional text are underlined in red like this: new words.


 

4Q7 Genesis

Contents: Genesis 1:1-2, 4-22; 2:6-7


Language: Hebrew


Date: About 50 B.C.


Location: Qumran Cave 4



 


Genesis 1


1 In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. 2 The earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep and God’s Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters.


[..]


4 God saw the light, and saw that it was good. God divided the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light “day “daytime”, and the darkness he called “night”. There was evening and there was morning, the first day.


6 God said, “Let there be an expanse in the middle of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.” 7 God made the expanse, and divided the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so. 8 God called the expanse “sky”. There was evening and there was morning, a second day.


9 God said, “Let the waters under the sky be gathered together to one place, and let the dry land appear;” and it was so. 10 God called the dry land “earth”, and the gathering together of the waters he called “seas”. God saw that it was good. 11 God said, “Let the earth yield grass, herbs yielding seeds, and fruit trees bearing fruit after their kind, with their seeds in it, on the earth;” and it was so.


[..]


13 There was evening and there was morning, a third day.


14 God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs to mark seasons, days, and years; 15 and let them be for lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth;” and it was so. 16 God made the two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. He also made the stars. 17 God set them in the expanse of the sky to give light to the earth, 18 and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. God saw that it was good. 19 There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.


20 God said, “Let the waters abound with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open expanse of the sky.” 21 God created the large sea creatures and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed, after their kind, and every winged bird after its kind. God saw that it was good. 22 God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.”


 


Genesis 2


6 but a mist went up from the earth, and watered the whole surface of the ground. 7 Yahweh God formed man from the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.


 


4Q8 Genesis

Contents: Genesis 1:8-10


Language: Hebrew


Date: 50-25 B.C.


Location: Qumran Cave 4



 


Genesis 1


8 God called the expanse “sky”. There was evening and there was morning, a second day.


9 God said, “Let the waters under the sky be gathered together to one place collection, and let the dry land appear”; and it was so. 10 God called the dry land “earth”, and the gathering together of the waters he called “seas”. God saw that it was good.


 

4Q8a Genesis

Contents: Genesis 2:17-18



Language: Hebrew


Date: Before 68 A.D.


Location: Qumran Cave 4



 


Genesis 2


17 but you shall not eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil; for in the day that you eat of it, you will surely die.”


18 Yahweh God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make him a helper comparable to him.”



4Q8b Genesis Paraphrase

Contents: Genesis 12:4-5



Language: Hebrew


Date: Before 68 A.D.


Location: Qumran Cave 4



 


Genesis 12


4 So Abram went, as Yahweh had told him. Lot went with him. Abram Abraham was seventy-five years old when he departed from Haran. 5 Abram took Sarai his wife, Lot his brother’s son, all their possessions that they had gathered, and the people whom they had acquired in Haran[1], and they went to go into the land of Canaan. They entered into the land of Canaan.



[1] The scroll does not have enough space for the entire first half of verse 5.



4Q9 Genesis

Contents: Genesis 41:15-18, 23-27, 29-36, 38-43; 42:15-22, 38; 43:1-2, 5-8; 45:14-22, 26-28


Language: Hebrew


Date: 50-25 B.C.


Location: Qumran Cave 4



 


Genesis 41


15 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I have dreamed a dream, and there is no one who can interpret it. I have heard it said of you, that when you hear a dream you can interpret it.”


16 Joseph answered Pharaoh, saying, “It isn’t in me. Without me[1], God will not give Pharaoh an answer of peace.”


17 Pharaoh spoke to Joseph, “In my dream, behold, I stood on the brink of the river; 18 and behold, there came up out of the river seven cattle, fat and sleek. They fed in the marsh grass;


[..]


23 and behold, seven heads of grain, withered, thin, and blasted with the east wind, sprung up after them. 24 The seven thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven good heads of grain. I told it to the magicians, but there was no one who could explain it to me.”


25 Joseph said to Pharaoh, “The dream of Pharaoh is one. What God is about to do he has declared to Pharaoh. 26 The seven good cattle are seven years; and the seven good heads of grain are seven years. The dream is one. 27 The seven thin and ugly cattle that came up after them are seven years, and also the seven empty heads of grain blasted with the east wind; they will be seven years of famine.


[..]


29 Behold, seven years of great plenty throughout all the land of Egypt are coming. 30 Seven years of famine will arise after them, and all the plenty will be forgotten in the land of Egypt. The famine will consume the land, 31 and the plenty will not be known in the land by reason of that famine which follows; for it will be very grievous. 32 The dream was doubled to Pharaoh, because the thing is established by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass.


33 “Now therefore let Pharaoh look for a discreet and wise man, and set him over the land of Egypt. 34 Let Pharaoh do this, and let him appoint overseers over the land, and take up the fifth part of the land of Egypt’s produce in the seven plenteous years. 35 Let them gather all the food of these good years that come, and store grain under the hand of Pharaoh for food in the cities, and let them keep it. 36 The food will be to supply the land against the seven years of famine, which will be in the land of Egypt; so that the land will not perish through the famine.”


[..]


38 Pharaoh said to his servants, “Can we find such a one as this, a man in whom is the Spirit of God?” 39 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Because God has shown you all of this, there is no one so discreet and wise as you. 40 You shall be over my house, and according to your word will all my people be ruled. Only in the throne I will be greater than you.” 41 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Behold, I have set you over all the land of Egypt.” 42 Pharaoh took off his signet ring from his hand, and put it on Joseph’s hand, and arrayed him in robes of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck. 43 He made him ride in the second chariot which he had. They cried before him, “Bow the knee!” He set him over all the land of Egypt.


[..]


Genesis 42


15 By this you shall be tested. By the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go out from here, unless your youngest brother comes here. 16 Send one of you, and let him get your brother, and you shall be bound, that your words may be tested, whether there is truth in you, or else by the life of Pharaoh surely you are spies.” 17 He put them all together into custody for three days.


18 Joseph said to them the third day, “Do this, and live, for I fear God. 19 If you are honest men, then let one of your brothers be bound in your prison; but you go, carry grain for the famine of your houses. 20 Bring your youngest brother to me; so will your words be verified, and you won’t die.”


They did so. 21 They said to one another, “We are certainly guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the distress of his soul, when he begged us, and we wouldn’t listen. Therefore this distress has come upon us.” 22 Reuben answered[2] them, saying, “Didn’t I tell you, saying, ‘Don’t sin against the child,’ and you wouldn’t listen? Therefore also, behold, his blood is required.”


[..]


38 He said, “My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he only is left. If harm happens to him along the way in which you go, then you will bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to Sheol.”


 


Genesis 43


1 The famine was severe in the land. 2 When they had eaten up the grain which they had brought out of Egypt, their father said to them, “Go again, buy us a little more food.”


[..]


5 but if you don’t send him, we won’t go down, for the man said to us, ‘You shall not see my face, unless your brother is with you.’ ”


6 Israel said, “Why did you treat me so badly, telling the man that you had another brother?”


7 They said, “The man asked directly concerning ourselves, and concerning our relatives, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Have you another brother?’ We just answered his questions. Is there any way we could know that he would say, ‘Bring your brother down?’ ”


8 Judah said to Israel, his father, “Send the boy with me, and we’ll get up and go, so that we may live, and not die, both we, and you, and also our little ones.


[..]


Genesis 45


14 He fell on his brother Benjamin’s neck, and wept, and Benjamin wept on his neck. 15 He kissed all his brothers, and wept on them. After that his brothers talked with him.


16 The report of it was heard in Pharaoh’s house, saying, “Joseph’s brothers have come.” It pleased Pharaoh well, and his servants. 17 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Tell your brothers, ‘Do this: Load your animals, and go, travel to the land of Canaan. 18 Take your father and your households, and come to me, and I will give you the good of the land of Egypt, and you will eat the fat of the land.’ 19 Now you are commanded to do this: Take wagons out of the land of Egypt for your little ones, and for your wives, and bring your father, and come. 20 Also, don’t concern yourselves about your belongings, for the good of all the land of Egypt is yours.”


21 The sons of Israel did so. Joseph gave them wagons, according to the commandment of Pharaoh, and gave them provision for the way. 22 He gave each one of them changes of clothing, but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and five changes of clothing.


[..]


26 They told him, saying, “Joseph is still alive, and he is ruler over all the land of Egypt.” His heart fainted, for he didn’t believe them. 27 They told him all the words of Joseph, which he had said to them. When he saw the wagons which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of Jacob, their father, revived. 28 Israel said, “It is enough. Joseph my son is still alive. I will go and see him before I die.”


 


 


 


 



[1] The presence of the word “not” in the second half of the sentence requires a rewording in the first half of the sentence in order to make sense.


[2] The scroll reverses the word order from the MT in 42:22.




4Q10 Genesis

Contents: Genesis 1:9, 13-16, 26-27; 2:1-3; 3:1-2


Language: Hebrew


Date: 30 B.C. - 68 A.D.


Location: Qumran Cave 4



 


Genesis 1


9 God said, “Let the waters under the sky be gathered together to one place, and let the dry land appear”; and it was so. And the waters under the sky were gathered together to their place, and the dry land appeared.[1]


[..]


13 There was evening and there was morning, a third day. 14 God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs to mark seasons, days, and years;[2] 15 and let them be for lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth”; and it was so. 16 God made the two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. He also made the stars.


[..]


26 God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the sky, and over the livestock, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” 27 God created man in his own image. In God’s image he created him; male and female he created them. 28 God blessed them. God said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth, and subdue it. Have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the sky, and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”


[..]


Genesis 2


1 The heavens, the earth, and all their vast array were finished. 2 On the seventh day God finished his work which he had done; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done. 3 God blessed the seventh day, and made it holy, because he rested in it from all his work of creation which he had done.


[..]


Genesis 3


1 Now the serpent was more subtle than any animal of the field which Yahweh God had made. He said to the woman, “Has God really said, ‘You shall not eat of any tree of the garden?’”


2 The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat fruit from the trees of the garden,


 



[1] The reading matches the LXX. This scroll may be a Vorlage scroll – the Hebrew source of the Greek LXX.


[2] Hebrew wording is literally “to years”, matching the LXX.



4Q11 PaleoGenesis-Exodus

Contents: Genesis 50:26, Exodus 1:1-6; 2:10, 22-25; 3:1-4, 17-21; 8:17-19, 23-25; 9:25-35; 10:1-5; 11:4-10; 12:1-13, 42-46; 14:15-24; 16:1-7, 13-14, 17-21, 23-31, 33-35; 17:1-3, 5-11; 18:16-25; 19:24-25; 20:1-2; 22:23-24; 23:4-13, 15-16; 25:7, 9-16, 18-22; 26:28-37; 27:1, 3-14; 28:32-36, 39-43; 36:34-37; 40:15-16


Language: Hebrew in the PaleoHebrew Script


Date:  100-25 B.C.


Location: Qumran Cave 4



 


Genesis 50


26 So Joseph died, being one hundred ten years old, and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.


 


Exodus 1


1 Now these are the names of the sons of Israel, who came into Egypt (every man and his household came with Jacob): 2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, 3 And Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, 4 Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher. 5 All the souls who came out of Jacob’s body were seventy souls, and Joseph was in Egypt already. 6 Joseph died, as did all his brothers, and all that generation.


[..]


Exodus 2


10 The child grew, and she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. She named him Moses, and said, “Because I drew him out of the water.”


[..]


22 She bore a son, and he named him Gershom, for he said, “I have lived as a foreigner in a foreign land.”


23 In the course of those many days, the king of Egypt died, and the children of Israel sighed because of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up to God because of the bondage. 24 God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob. 25 God saw the children of Israel, and God was concerned about them.


 


Exodus 3


1 Now Moses was keeping the flock of Jethro, his father-in-law, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock to the back of the wilderness, and came to God’s mountain, to Horeb. 2 Yahweh’s angel appeared to him in a flame of fire out of the middle of a bush. He looked, and behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed. 3 Moses said, “I will go now, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burned.”


4 When Yahweh saw that he came over to see, God called to him out of the middle of the bush, and said, “Moses! Moses!”


He said, “Here I am.”


[..]


17 and I have said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt to the land of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, to a land flowing with milk and honey.” ’ 18 They will listen to your voice, and you shall come, you and the elders of Israel, to the king of Egypt, and you shall tell him, ‘Yahweh, the God of the Hebrews, has met with us. Now please let us go three days’ journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to Yahweh, our God.’ 19 I know that the king of Egypt won’t give you permission to go, no, not by a mighty hand. 20 I will reach out my hand and strike Egypt with all my wonders which I will do among them, and after that he will let you go. 21 I will give this people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, and it will happen that when you go, you shall not go empty-handed.


[..]


Exodus 8


17 They did so; and Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and struck the dust of the earth, and there were lice on man, and on animal; all the dust of the earth became lice throughout all the land of Egypt. 18 The magicians tried with their enchantments to produce lice, but they couldn’t. There were lice on man, and on animal. 19 Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, “This is God’s finger;” but Pharaoh’s heart was hardened, and he didn’t listen to them, as Yahweh had spoken.


[..]


23 I will put a division between my people and your people. This sign shall happen by tomorrow.” ’ ” 24 Yahweh did so; and there came grievous swarms of flies into the house of Pharaoh, and into his servants’ houses. In all the land of Egypt the land was corrupted by reason of the swarms of flies.


25 Pharaoh called for Moses and for Aaron, and said, “Go, sacrifice to your God in the land!”


[..]


Exodus 9


25 The hail struck throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and animal; and the hail struck every herb of the field, and broke every tree of the field. 26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, there was no hail.


27 Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron, and said to them, “I have sinned this time. Yahweh is righteous, and I and my people are wicked. 28 Pray to Yahweh; for there has been enough of mighty thunderings and hail. I will let you go, and you shall stay no longer.”


29 Moses said to him, “As soon as I have gone out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands to Yahweh. The thunders shall cease, and there will not be any more hail; that you may know that the earth is Yahweh’s.


[..]


33 Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands to Yahweh; and the thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not poured on the earth. 34 When Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail and the thunders had ceased, he sinned yet more, and hardened his heart, he and his servants. 35 The heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he didn’t let the children of Israel go, just as Yahweh had spoken through Moses.


 


Exodus 10


1 Yahweh said to Moses, “Go in to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart, and the heart of his servants, that I may show these my signs among them; 2 and that you may tell in the hearing of your son, and of your son’s son, what things I have done to Egypt, and my signs which I have done among them; that you may know that I am Yahweh.”


3 Moses and Aaron went in to Pharaoh, and said to him, “This is what Yahweh, the God of the Hebrews, says: ‘How long will you refuse to humble yourself before me? Let my people go, that they may serve me. 4 Or else, if you refuse to let my people go, behold, tomorrow I will bring locusts into your country, 5 and they shall cover the surface of the earth, so that one won’t be able to see the earth. They shall eat the residue of that which has escaped, which remains to you from the hail, and shall eat every tree which grows for you out of the field.


[..]


Exodus 11


4 Moses said, “This is what Yahweh says: ‘About midnight I will go out into the middle of Egypt, 5 and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the female servant who is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of livestock. 6 There shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there has not been, nor shall be any more. 7 But against any of the children of Israel a dog won’t even bark or move its tongue, against man or animal; that you may know that Yahweh makes a distinction between the Egyptians and Israel. 8 All these servants of yours will come down to me, and bow down themselves to me, saying, “Get out, with all the people who follow you;” and after that I will go out.’ ” He went out from Pharaoh in hot anger.


9 Yahweh said to Moses, “Pharaoh won’t listen to you, that my wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.” 10 Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh, but Yahweh hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he didn’t let the children of Israel go out of his land.


 


Exodus 12


1 Yahweh spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2 “This month shall be to you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year to you. 3 Speak to all the congregation of the children of Israel, saying, ‘On the tenth day of this month, they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household, according to their fathers’ houses; 4 and if the household is too little for a lamb, then he and his neighbor next to his house shall take one according to the number of the souls; according to what everyone can eat you shall make your count for the lamb. 5 Your lamb shall be without defect, a male a year old. You shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats: 6 and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month; and the whole assembly of the congregation of the children of Israel shall kill it at evening. 7 They shall take some of the blood, and put it on the two door posts and on the lintel, on the houses in which they shall eat it. 8 They shall eat the meat in that night, roasted with fire, and unleavened bread. They shall eat it with bitter herbs. 9 Don’t eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted with fire; with its head, its legs and its inner parts. 10 You shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; but that which remains of it until the morning you shall burn with fire. 11 This is how you shall eat it: with your belt on your waist, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste: it is Yahweh’s Passover. 12 For I will go through the land of Egypt in that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and animal. Against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am Yahweh. 13 The blood shall be to you for a token on the houses where you are. When I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.


[..]


42 It is a night to be much observed to Yahweh for bringing them out from the land of Egypt. This is that night of Yahweh, to be much observed of all the children of Israel throughout their generations.


43 Yahweh said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover. No foreigner shall eat of it, 44 but every man’s servant who is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then shall he eat of it.


[..]


46 It must be eaten in one house. You shall not carry any of the meat outside of the house. Do not break any of its bones.


[..]


Exodus 14


15 Yahweh said to Moses, “Why do you cry to me? Speak to the children of Israel, that they go forward. 16 Lift up your rod[1], and stretch out your hand over the sea, and divide it. Then the children of Israel shall go into the middle of the sea on dry ground. 17 Behold, I myself will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall go in after them. I will get myself honor over Pharaoh, and over all his armies, over his chariots, and over his horsemen. 18 The Egyptians shall know that I am Yahweh, when I have gotten myself honor over Pharaoh, over his chariots, and over his horsemen.” 19 The angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud moved from before them, and stood behind them. 20 It came between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel. There was the cloud and the darkness, yet gave it light by night. One didn’t come near the other all night.


21 Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and Yahweh caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. 22 The children of Israel went into the middle of the sea on the dry ground, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand, and on their left. 23 The Egyptians pursued, and went in after them into the middle of the sea: all of Pharaoh’s horses, and his chariots, and his horsemen. 24 In the morning watch, Yahweh looked out on the Egyptian army through the pillar of fire and of cloud, and confused the Egyptian army.


[..]


Exodus 16


1 They took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came to the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt. 2 The whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron in the wilderness; 3 and the children of Israel said to them, “We wish that we had died by Yahweh’s hand in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the meat pots, when we ate our fill of bread, for you have brought us out into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger.”


4 Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from the sky for you, and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in my law, or not. 5 It shall come to pass on the sixth day, that they shall prepare that which they bring in, and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.”


6 Moses and Aaron said to all the children of Israel, “At evening, then you shall know that Yahweh has brought you out from the land of Egypt; 7 and in the morning, then you shall see Yahweh’s glory; because he hears your murmurings against Yahweh. Who are we, that you murmur against us?”


[..]


13 In the evening, quail came up and covered the camp; and in the morning the dew lay around the camp. 14 When the dew that lay had gone, behold, on the surface of the wilderness was a small round thing, small as the frost on the ground.


[..]


17 The children of Israel did so, and gathered some more, some less. 18 When they measured it with an omer, he who gathered much had nothing over, and he who gathered little had no lack. They gathered every man according to his eating. 19 Moses said to them, “Let no one leave of it until the morning.” 20 Notwithstanding they didn’t listen to Moses, but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and became foul; and Moses was angry with them. 21 They gathered it morning by morning, everyone according to his eating. When the sun grew hot, it melted.


[..]


23 He said to them, “This is that which Yahweh has spoken, ‘Tomorrow is a solemn rest, a holy Sabbath to Yahweh. Bake that which you want to bake, and boil that which you want to boil; and all that remains over lay up for yourselves to be kept until the morning.’ ” 24 They laid it up until the morning, as Moses asked, and it didn’t become foul, and there were no worms in it. 25 Moses said, “Eat that today, for today is a Sabbath to Yahweh. Today you shall not find it in the field. 26 Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day is the Sabbath. In it there shall be none.” 27 On the seventh day, some of the people went out to gather, and they found none. 28 Yahweh said to Moses, “How long do you refuse to keep my commandments and my laws? 29 Behold, because Yahweh has given you the Sabbath, therefore he gives you on the sixth day the bread of two days. Everyone stay in his place. Let no one go out of his place on the seventh day.” 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.


31 The house of Israel called its name “Manna”, and it was like coriander seed, white; and its taste was like wafers with honey.


[..]


33 Moses said to Aaron, “Take a pot, and put an omer-full of manna in it, and lay it up before Yahweh, to be kept throughout your generations.” 34 As Yahweh commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept. 35 The children of Israel ate the manna forty years, until they came to an inhabited land. They ate the manna until they came to the borders of the land of Canaan.


[..]


Exodus 17


1 All the congregation of the children of Israel traveled by stages from the wilderness of Sin, starting according to Yahweh’s commandment, and encamped in Rephidim; but there was no water for the people to drink. 2 Therefore the people quarreled with Moses, and said, “Give us water to drink.”


Moses said to them, “Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you test Yahweh?”


3 The people were thirsty for water there; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, “Why have you brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us, our children, and our livestock with thirst?”


[..]


5 Yahweh said to Moses, “Walk on before the people, and take the elders of Israel with you, and take the rod in your hand with which you struck the Nile, and go. 6 Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb. You shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it, that the people may drink.” Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel. 7 He called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because the children of Israel quarreled, and because they tested Yahweh, saying, “Is Yahweh among us, or not?”


8 Then Amalek came and fought with Israel in Rephidim. 9 Moses said to Joshua, “Choose men for us, and go out, fight with Amalek. Tomorrow I will stand on the top of the hill with God’s rod in my hand.” 10 So Joshua did as Moses had told him, and fought with Amalek; and Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill. 11 When Moses held up his hand, Israel prevailed. When he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.


[..]


Exodus 18


6 When they have a matter, they come to me, and I judge between a man and his neighbor, and I make them know the statutes of God, and his laws.” 17 Moses’ father-in-law said to him, “The thing that you do is not good. 18 You will surely wear away, both you, and this people that is with you; for the thing is too heavy for you. You are not able to perform it yourself alone. 19 Listen now to my voice. I will give you counsel, and God be with you. You represent the people before God, and bring the causes to God. 20 You shall teach them the statutes and the laws, and shall show them the way in which they must walk, and the work that they must do. 21 Moreover you shall provide out of all the people able men which fear God Yahweh: men of truth, hating unjust gain; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. 22 Let them judge the people at all times. It shall be that every great matter they shall bring to you, but every small matter they shall judge themselves. So shall it be easier for you, and they shall share the load with you. 23 If you will do this thing, and God commands you so, then you will be able to endure, and all these people also will go to their place in peace.”


24 So Moses listened to the voice of his father-in-law, and did all that he had said. 25 Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.


[..]


Exodus 19


24 Yahweh said to him, “Go down! You shall bring Aaron up with you, but don’t let the priests and the people break through to come up to Yahweh, lest he break out against them.”


25 So Moses went down to the people, and told them.


 


Exodus 20


1 God spoke all these words, saying, 2 “I am Yahweh your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.


[..]


Exodus 22


23 If you take advantage of them at all, and they cry at all to me, I will surely hear their cry; 24 and my wrath will grow hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.


25 “If you lend money to any of my people with you who is poor, you shall not be to him as a creditor. You shall not charge him interest.


[..]


Exodus 23


4 “If you meet your enemy’s ox or his donkey going astray, you shall surely bring it back to him again. 5 If you see the donkey of him who hates you fallen down under his burden, don’t leave him. You shall surely help him with it.


6 “You shall not deny justice to your poor people in their lawsuits.


7 “Keep far from a false charge, and don’t kill the innocent and righteous; for I will not justify the wicked.


8 “You shall take no bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of those who have sight and perverts the words of the righteous.


9 “You shall not oppress an alien, for you know the heart of an alien, since you were aliens in the land of Egypt.


10 “For six years you shall sow your land, and shall gather in its increase, 11 but the seventh year you shall let it rest and lie fallow, that the poor of your people may eat; and what they leave the animal of the field shall eat. In the same way, you shall deal with your vineyard and with your olive grove.


12 “Six days you shall do your work, and on the seventh day you shall rest, that your ox and your donkey may have rest, and the son of your servant, and the alien may be refreshed.


13 “Be careful to do all things that I have said to you; and don’t invoke the name of other gods or even let them be heard out of your mouth.


[..]


15 You shall observe the feast of unleavened bread. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the time appointed in the month Abib (for in it you came out of Egypt), and no one shall appear before me empty. 16 And the feast of harvest, the first fruits of your labors, which you sow in the field; and the feast of ingathering, at the end of the year, when you gather in your labors out of the field.


[..]


Exodus 25


7 onyx stones, and stones to be set for the ephod and for the breastplate.


[..]


9 According to all that I show you, the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all of its furniture, even so you shall make it.


10 “They shall make an ark of acacia wood. Its length shall be two and a half cubits, its width a cubit and a half, and a cubit and a half its height. 11 You shall overlay it with pure gold. You shall overlay it inside and outside, and you shall make a gold molding around it. 12 You shall cast four rings of gold for it, and put them in its four feet. Two rings shall be on the one side of it, and two rings on the other side of it. 13 You shall make poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with gold. 14 You shall put the poles into the rings on the sides of the ark to carry the ark. 15 The poles shall be in the rings of the ark. They shall not be taken from it. 16 You shall put the covenant which I shall give you into the ark.


[..]


18 You shall make two cherubim of hammered gold. You shall make them at the two ends of the mercy seat. 19 Make one cherub at the one end, and one cherub at the other end. You shall make the cherubim on its two ends of one piece with the mercy seat. 20 The cherubim shall spread out their wings upward, covering the mercy seat with their wings, with their faces toward one another. The faces of the cherubim shall be toward the mercy seat. 21 You shall put the mercy seat on top of the ark, and in the ark you shall put the covenant that I will give you. 22 There I will meet with you, and I will tell you from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim which are on the ark of the covenant, all that I command you for the children of Israel.


[..]


Exodus 26


28 The middle bar in the middle of the boards shall pass through from end to end. 29 You shall overlay the boards with gold, and make their rings of gold for places for the bars. You shall overlay the bars with gold. 30 You shall set up the tabernacle according to the way that it was shown to you on the mountain.


31 “You shall make a veil of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, with cherubim. It shall be the work of a skillful workman. 32 You shall hang it on four pillars of acacia overlaid with gold; their hooks shall be of gold, on four sockets of silver. 33 You shall hang up the veil under the clasps, and shall bring the ark of the covenant in there within the veil. The veil shall separate the holy place from the most holy for you. 34 You shall put the mercy seat on the ark of the covenant in the most holy place. 35 You shall set the table outside the veil, and the lamp stand opposite the table on the side of the tabernacle toward the south. You shall put the table on the north side.


36 “You shall make a screen for the door of the Tent, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, the work of the embroiderer. 37 You shall make for the screen five pillars of acacia, and overlay them with gold. Their hooks shall be of gold. You shall cast five sockets of bronze for them.


 


Exodus 27


1 “You shall make the altar of acacia wood, five cubits long, and five cubits wide. The altar shall be square. Its height shall be three cubits.


[..]


3 You shall make its pots to take away its ashes; and its shovels, its basins, its meat hooks, and its fire pans. You shall make all its vessels of bronze. 4 You shall make a grating for it of network of bronze. On the net you shall make four bronze rings in its four corners. 5 You shall put it under the ledge around the altar beneath, that the net may reach halfway up the altar. 6 You shall make poles for the altar, poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with bronze. 7 Its poles shall be put into the rings, and the poles shall be on the two sides of the altar when carrying it. 8 You shall make it hollow with planks. They shall make it as it has been shown you on the mountain.


9 “You shall make the court of the tabernacle: for the south side southward there shall be hangings for the court of fine twined linen one hundred cubits long for one side. 10 Its pillars shall be twenty, and their sockets twenty, of bronze. The hooks of the pillars and their fillets shall be of silver. 11 Likewise for the length of the north side, there shall be hangings one hundred cubits long, and its pillars twenty, and their sockets twenty, of bronze; the hooks of the pillars, and their fillets, of silver. 12 For the width of the court on the west side shall be hangings of fifty cubits; their pillars ten, and their sockets ten, of bronze. 13 The width of the court on the east side eastward shall be fifty cubits. 14 The hangings for the one side of the gate shall be fifteen cubits; their pillars three, and their sockets three.


[..]


Exodus 28


32 It shall have a hole for the head in the middle of it. It shall have a binding of woven work around its hole, as it were the hole of a coat of mail, that it not be torn. 33 On its hem you shall make pomegranates of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, all around its hem; with bells of gold between and around them: 34 a golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, around the hem of the robe. 35 It shall be on Aaron to minister: and its sound shall be heard when he goes in to the holy place before Yahweh, and when he comes out, that he not die.


36 “You shall make a plate of pure gold, and engrave on it, like the engravings of a signet, ‘HOLY TO YAHWEH.’


[..]


39 You shall weave the tunic with fine linen. You shall make a turban of fine linen. You shall make a sash, the work of the embroiderer.


40 “You shall make tunics for Aaron’s sons. You shall make sashes for them. You shall make headbands for them, for glory and for beauty. 41 You shall put them on Aaron your brother, and on his sons with him, and shall anoint them, and consecrate them, and sanctify them, that they may minister to me in the priest’s office. 42 You shall make them linen pants to cover their naked flesh. They shall reach from the waist even to the thighs. 43 They shall be on Aaron and on his sons, when they go in to the Tent of Meeting, or when they come near to the altar to minister in the holy place, that they don’t bear iniquity, and die. This shall be a statute forever to him and to his offspring after him.


 


Exodus 36


34 He overlaid the boards with gold, and made their rings of gold as places for the bars, and overlaid the bars with gold.


35 He made the veil of blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen, with cherubim. He made it the work of a skillful workman. 36 He made four pillars of acacia for it, and overlaid them with gold. Their hooks were of gold. He cast four sockets of silver for them. 37 He made a screen for the door of the tent, of blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen, the work of an embroiderer;


[..]


Exodus 40


15 You shall anoint them, as you anointed their father, that they may minister to me in the priest’s office. Their anointing shall be to them for an everlasting priesthood throughout their generations.” 16 Moses did so. According to all that Yahweh commanded him, so he did.


 



[1] There appears to be another word before “your rod,” but the letters are not clear.



4Q12 PaleoGenesis

Contents: Genesis 26:21-28


Language: Hebrew in the Paleo-Hebrew script


Date: 200-100 B.C.


Location: Qumran Cave 4



 


Genesis 26


21 They dug another well, and they argued over that, also. He called its name Sitnah. 22 He left that place, and dug another well. They didn’t argue over that one. He called it Rehoboth. He said, “For now Yahweh has made room for us, and we will be fruitful in the land.”


23 He went up from there to Beersheba. 24 Yahweh appeared to him the same night, and said, “I am the God of Abraham your father. Don’t be afraid, for I am with you, and will bless you, and multiply your offspring for my servant Abraham’s sake.”


25 He built an altar there, and called on Yahweh’s name, and pitched his tent there. There Isaac’s servants dug a well.


26 Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar, and Ahuzzath his friend, and Phicol the captain of his army. 27 Isaac said to them, “Why have you come to me, since you hate me, and have sent me away from you?”


28 They said, “We saw plainly that Yahweh was with you. We said, ‘Let there now be an oath between us, even between us and you, and let us make a covenant with you,


 

4Q483 Genesis

Contents: Genesis 1:28 (or Jubilees)


Language: Hebrew


Date: 30 B.C. - 68 A.D.


Location: Qumran Cave 6



 


Genesis 1:28


28 God blessed them. God said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth and subdue it. Have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the sky, and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”




4Q576 Genesis

Contents: Genesis 34:7, 9-10; 50:3


Language: Hebrew


Date: 150-75 B.C.


Location: Qumran Cave 4



 


Genesis 34


7 The sons of Jacob came in from the field when they heard it. The men were grieved, and they were very angry, because he had done folly in Israel in lying with Jacob’s daughter; a thing ought not to be done.


[..]


9 Make marriages with us. Give your daughters to us, and take our daughters for yourselves. 10 You shall dwell with us, and the land will be before you. Live and trade in it, and get possessions in it.”


[..]


Genesis 50


3 Forty days were fulfilled for him, for that is how many the days it takes to embalm. The Egyptians wept for him for seventy days.



6Q1 PaleoGenesis

Contents: Genesis 6:13-21



Language: Hebrew in the Paleo-Hebrew script


Date: 250-150 B.C.


Location: Qumran Cave 6



 


Genesis 6


13 God said to Noah, “I will bring an end to all flesh, for the earth is filled with violence through them. Behold, I will destroy them and the earth. 14 Make a ship of gopher wood. You shall make rooms in the ship, and shall seal it inside and outside with pitch. 15 This is how you shall make it. The length of the ship shall be three hundred cubits, its width fifty cubits, and its height thirty cubits. 16 You shall make a roof in the ship, and you shall finish it to a cubit upward. You shall set the door of the ship in its side. You shall make it with lower, second, and third levels. 17 I, even I, do bring the flood of waters on this earth, to destroy all flesh having the breath of life from under the sky. Everything that is in the earth will die. 18 But I will establish my covenant with you. You shall come into the ship, you, your sons, your wife, and your sons’ wives with you. 19 Of every living thing of all flesh, you shall bring two of every sort into the ship, to keep them alive with you. They shall be male and female. 20 Of the birds after their kind, of the livestock after their kind, of every creeping thing of the ground after its kind, two of every sort will come to you, to keep them alive. 21 Take with you some of all food that is eaten, and gather it to yourself; and it will be for food for you, and for them.”



8Q1 Genesis

Contents: Genesis 17:12-13, 15, 18-19; 18:20-22, 24-25



Language: Hebrew


Date: 30 B.C. - 68 A.D.


Location: Qumran Cave 8



 


Genesis 17


12 He who is eight days old will be circumcised among you, every male throughout your generations, he who is born in the house, or bought with money from any foreigner who is not of your offspring. 13 He who is born in your house, and he who is bought with your money, must be circumcised. My covenant will be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.


[..]


15 God said to Abraham, “As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call her name Sarai, but her name will be Sarah. 16 I will bless her, and moreover I will give you a son by her. Yes, I will bless her, and she will be a mother of nations. Kings of peoples will come from her.”


[..]


18 Abraham said to God, “Oh that Ishmael might live before you!”


19 God said, “No, but Sarah, your wife, will bear you a son. You shall call his name Isaac. I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant for his offspring after him.


[..]


Genesis 18


20 Yahweh said, “Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous, 21 I will go down now, and see whether their deeds are as bad as the reports which have come to me. If not, I will know.”


22 The men turned from there, and went toward Sodom, but Abraham stood yet before Yahweh.


[..]


24 What if there are fifty righteous within the city? Will you consume and not spare the place for the fifty righteous who are in it? 25 Be it far from you to do things like that, to kill the righteous with the wicked, so that the righteous should be like the wicked. May that be far from you. Shouldn’t the Judge of all the earth do right?”


 

Masada Genesis

Contents: Genesis 46:7-11


Language: Hebrew


Date: 60 B.C. - 73 A.D.


Location: Masada



 


Genesis 46


7 his sons, and his sons’ sons with him, his daughters, and his sons’ daughters, and he brought all his offspring with him into Egypt.


8 These are the names of the children of Israel, who came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons: Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn. 9 The sons of Reuben: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi. 10 The sons of Simeon: Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanite woman. 11 The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.



Wadi Sdeir Genesis

Contents: Genesis 35:6-10, 24-29; 36:1-2, 5-17


Language: Hebrew


Date: Before 135 A.D.


Location: Wadi Sdeir



 


Genesis 35


6 So Jacob came to Luz (that is, Bethel), which is in the land of Canaan, he and all the people who were with him. 7 He built an altar there, and called the place El Beth El; because there God was revealed to him, when he fled from the face of his brother. 8 Deborah, Rebekah’s nurse, died, and she was buried below Bethel under the oak; and its name was called Allon Bacuth.


9 God appeared to Jacob again, when he came from Paddan Aram, and blessed him. 10 God said to him, “Your name is Jacob. Your name shall not be Jacob any more, but your name will be Israel.” He named him Israel.


[..]


24 The sons of Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin. 25 The sons of Bilhah (Rachel’s servant): Dan and Naphtali. 26 The sons of Zilpah (Leah’s servant): Gad and Asher. These are the sons of Jacob, who were born to him in Paddan Aram. 27 Jacob came to Isaac his father, to Mamre, to Kiriath Arba (which is Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac lived as foreigners.


28 The days of Isaac were one hundred eighty years. 29 Isaac gave up the spirit, and died, and was gathered to his people, old and full of days. Esau and Jacob, his sons, buried him.


 


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